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Diseases and Conditions

Learn about various diseases and conditions of dogs, cats, horses, and ruminants. Veterinary information and different treatment options are available. Please see All Disease & Parasite FAQs for additional articles on a variety of topics.
  1. All Disease & Parasite FAQs (82)
  2. Glossary Terms (13)
  3. Cat Medical Information (452)
  4. Pregnancy & Reproduction (42)
  5. Dog Medical Information (495)
  6. Cancer Oncology (13)
  7. Exotic Pet Information (15)
  8. Cardiology (3)
  9. Equine (Horse) Information (30)
  10. Parasites (48)
  11. Pharmacy and Medications (6)
  12. Dog Diseases – Lorie A Huston DVM (104)
  13. Cat Diseases – Lorie A Huston DVM (104)

10 Facts About Rabies
As much as we wish it to be so, this fatal viral disease is not a thing of the past. Every few minutes, someone in the world dies from rabies. Learn 10 facts about rabies here.

What is USG (Urine Specific Gravity) and what does it measure?
What does USG stand for, and what does it mean on a urinalysis?

Drs. Adler and Overley
Meet Drs. Jennifer A. Adler MSc VMD ACVIM and Beth Overley VMD ACVIM (Oncology), veterinary medicine specialists at CARES, a 24 hour Emergency Veterinary Care Hospital in Langhorne, Pennsylvania. They are answering questions about veterinary oncology (cancer), parasitology, and internal medicine on the Veterinary Medicine site at About.com.

ACVO®/Merial® National Service Dog Eye Exam Event
ACVO®/Merial® National Service Dog Eye Exam Event

Top 5 Signs of Urinary Tract Troubles in Cats and Dogs
Is is urine marking or a medical problem? Learn how to tell the difference, and why immediate care may be necessary for a cat or dog experiencing urinary problems.

Diagnosing and Treating Seizures in Dogs & Cats
Because causes of seizures vary greatly, veterinarians need to determine the root cause of the symptoms in order to prescribe the appropriate treatment, which can vary from anticonvulsant & anti-inflammatory medications, antibiotics or surgery.

Senior Dogs and Cats
Changes in health or behavior may due to "old age," but maybe not. Learn what to expect as your pet ages and why regular vet checks are important.

Salmonellosis - Infection with Salmonella Bacteria
Salmonella is a genus of bacteria that is normally found in the intestines of both cold- and warm-blooded animals and in the environment. Learn how this bacteria causes disease in humans and animals, what the symptoms are, and how to prevent infection and spread of this disease.

Corneal Ulcers
Corneal ulcers are a common problem in dogs and cats. This painful condition has numerous causes. Quick diagnosis and treatment is essential to prevent additional eye damage. Learn about corneal ulcers, potential causes, diagnosis, treatment options and care for animals with corneal ulcers.

Treating Herniated Spinal Disks in Small Breed Dogs
Guest Author Dr. Beatrix Nanai, a veterinary neurosurgeon in Miami, Florida discusses spinal disk disease diagnosis and treatment. This is a common health problem in small breed dogs. Learn more about diagnosis and surgical treatment for this condition.

Heartworm Incidence Prevention and Treatment
Interview with Dr. Graham, president of the American Heartworm Society.

Rabies Disease and Prevention
Rabies is a viral disease of animals and people (zoonotic disease) and is fatal in most cases. This disease is most commonly spread via wildlife through bite wounds. Learn how to protect your pets and family.

Can My Family Become Infested with Lice From Our Pet?
Lice are a commonly diagnosed parasite in people. Often, the family pet gets blamed for the spread of lice to the family. However, in reality, dogs and cats do not pass lice to people.

Can My Family Get Pinworms from Our Pet?
Pinworms are a common parasite in people, particularly in children. Often, the family pet gets blamed for the disease. But is your dog or cat really the culprit? Can dogs and cats pass pinworms to people?

The Less Adoptables: Jasmine the Kitten
Feline herpes, ear mites and malnutrition made for a rough start for Jasmine. Read her story and learn how things turned out.

Rabies in Pets - Dealing with Dogs and Cats That Have Been Exposed to Rabies
Rabies is a disease that can be passed from pets to people, called a zoonotic disease. For that reason, strict guidelines exist for dogs and cats that have been exposed to rabies. Here's what you need to know.

Giardia in Dogs, Cats, People and Other Animals
Giardiasis is a zoonotic disease; this parasite can infect dogs, cats, people and many other types of animals. Learn more about Giardia and giardiasis.

Tapeworms in Dogs, Cats, People and Other Animals
Tapeworms are intestinal parasites that can infect dogs, cats, people and many other animals. Learn about the life cycle of the tapeworm, how infection can occur and how to avoid tapeworm infections.

Ringworm in Dogs, Cats and People
Ringworm, more correctly called dermatophytosis, is a fungal skin disease that can infect dogs, cats, people and other animals.

Leptospirosis in Dogs and People
Find out what leptospirosis is and how to protect both your dog and your family against this disease.

Ear Infections in Dogs and Cats
Ear infections are common problems for both dogs and cats. Common causes of ear problems in pets include parasites (ear mites), fungal, bacterial agents and foreign bodies (foxtails). Learn what to watch for and how to prevent ear infections in dogs and cats.

Glossary Term: Otitis Externa
Many vets can diagnose this condition with one quick whiff of the nose upon entering the exam room. What is otitis externa, and how can you help your pet if s/he suffers from this condition?

Hyperthyroidism in Cats
Hyperthyroidism, or overproductive thyroid gland, is one of the most common disease of middle-aged and senior cats. Thankfully, this disease has several treatment options, affording good management of this disease for continued health in the senior years. Learn more about clinical signs, diagnosis, treatment options and tips for living with your...

Preventing Ear Infections in Cats
Preventing an ear infection for your cat may not be totally possible, but there are some things you can do to help make ear infections less likely. Learn some tips for keeping your cat free of ear infections.

Preventing Ear Infections in Dogs
Ear infections are irritating and sometimes painful for your dog so prevention is preferable, if possible. Learn some tips to help you keep your dog free of ear infections.

Complications of Chronic Ear Infections or Otitis in the Cat
Ear infections in cats can lead to many different types of complications. Learn about some of the complications that your cat might experience as a result of an ear infection.

Complications of Chronic Ear Infections or Otitis in the Dog
Otitis and ear infections in the dog are often chronic and can lead to many different types of complications. Learn about some of the complications that occur in a dog with otitis and/or ear infection.

Treatment of Otitis and Ear Infections in Dogs
Otitis and ear infections in dogs can have many different causes and, in order to be successful, treatment of the ear disease must be based on the cause. Learn about the treatment options for canine otitis and ear infections.

Treatment of Feline Ear Infections
Ear infections in cats are irritating and sometimes painful. Treatment must be based on the cause of the infection. Learn about the options for treating feline ear infections.

Symptoms and Diagnosis of Ear Infections in Cats
Ear infections in cats are common. Cat owners should know the symptoms of ear infections and monitor their cat for them. Learn the symptoms of feline ear infections and find out what your veterinarian might need to do to diagnose an ear infection for your cat.

Symptoms and Diagnosis of Otitis in Dogs
Ear infections and otitis are both very common in dogs. Learn to recognize the symptoms of canine ear infections and otitis and how the problem is diagnosed.

Causes of Ear Infections and Otitis in Dogs
Ear infections and otitis in dogs are common and there are many different potential causes. Learn more about the things that cause canine ear problems.

Causes of Ear Infections in Cats
Ear infections in cats are common. Though ear mites are the most common cause of infections, there are many other potential causes of ear infections for cats also.

How to Clean Your Dog or Cat's Ears
Cleaning your dog or cat's ears should be part of your regular grooming routine for your pet. Learn how to properly clean your dog or cat's ears.

Ear Hematomas in Dogs and Cats
An ear hematoma is an uncomfortable situation for a dog or cat. Learn about the potential causes and the treatment options for canine and feline auricular hematomas.

Signs Seen with Diabetes Mellitus in Dogs and Cats
Some of the signs seen with diabetes mellitus may be explained as 'getting older' or 'it's hot outside,' but these are signs that shouldn't be ignored. The onset of signs may be gradual and hard to notice at first. Learn to recognize the signs of diabetes mellitus and contact your veterinarian as soon as signs are noticed.

Glossary Term: Pyotraumatic Dermatitis
Pyotraumatic Dermatitis is more common than you think, especially in dogs. This condition can be seen at any time, but more commonly seen in the warmer months. What does this term mean, and what are the clinical signs seen with this condition?

Can Dogs with Diabetes Be Treated Without Insulin Injections?
Dogs with diabetes are most frequently treated with insulin injections. However, many dog owners would prefer not to give their dog daily injections. Are there alternatives for diabetic dogs besides insulin injections?

How to Feed a Cat with Diabetes
Cats with diabetes mellitus require a strictly controlled diet. Find out what, when and how to feed a cat with diabetes.

How to Feed a Dog with Diabetes
Dogs with diabetes mellitus require a strictly controlled diet. Find out what, when and how to feed a dog with diabetes.

Can Cats with Diabetes Be Treated Without Insulin Injections?
Cats with diabetes are frequently treated with insulin injections. However, as a diabetic cat owner, you may prefer not to give insulin injections to your cat. Are there alternatives to insulin injections for a diabetic cat?

Canine and Feline Diabetes - The Somogyi Effect
For dogs and cats with diabetes, overdosage of insulin can lead to a phenomenon known as Somogyi effect. Learn how and why blood glucose levels can actually end up too high in diabetic dogs and cats overdosed with insulin.

Can Feline Diabetes Be Cured?
Feline diabetes is a common endocrine disease in cats. However, if your cat is diagnosed with diabetes mellitus early in the course of disease, it is possible for your cat to go into remission and not require insulin injections or other medications any longer.

Can Canine Diabetes Be Cured?
Canine diabetes mellitus is a serious disease and is frequently diagnosed in dogs. Although diabetes mellitus can be controlled for your dog, usually through periodic insulin injections, treatment for dogs with diabetes mellitus is usually lifelong and it is unlikely that your dog will ever be cured of the disease.

Monitoring a Dog or Cat with Diabetes
Canine and feline diabetes are both serious diseases in the dog and cat respectively. If your pet has diabetes, he will need to be monitored closely. Learn the basics of how dogs and cats with diabetes are monitored, including the testing that is used to evaluate health and progress.

Treating Canine Diabetes Mellitus
Canine diabetes mellitus is one of the most commonly diagnosed endocrine diseases in the dog. Learn about the basics of treating a dog for diabetes.

Treating Feline Diabetes Mellitus
Feline diabetes mellitus is a serious and potentially life-threatening disease. Learn about the basics of treating a cat with diabetes.

Hypoglycemia and the Diabetic Dog or Cat
Hypoglycemia is a potential complication of both canine and feline diabetes mellitus. Learn about the symptoms and causes of hypoglycemia in diabetic dogs and cats as well as how to treat it.

Hookworms in Dogs, Cats and People
Hookworms are worms that infect both pets and people. Learn about this parasite to protect your pets and family.

How to Do a Blood Glucose Curve for Your Diabetic Dog or Cat
For a diabetic dog or cat, a blood glucose curve is an essential part of evaluating their progress and health. Learn how to perform a blood glucose curve at home for your dog or cat with diabetes.

Fireworks and Thunder - Tips for Coping with Loud Noise Phobias
How dogs and cats react to loud noises varies widely. Some animals seem unaffected, others will jump through glass windows in terror. For animals that are afraid of loud noises, they can't help it, and the effect often multiplies if left untreated. What works for one pet may not work for another. Here are some things to try to help reduce loud...

Fireworks and Thunder - Loud Noise Phobias
Fireworks aren't just for the 4th of July anymore. We have them to celebrate New Year's Eve, amusement park shows, and baseball games. Same with thunderstorms, while more common in spring and summer, they can happen all year round. Here are resources to learn more about fireworks and thunder problems in pets (loud noise phobias) and how to keep...

Diabetes - Living With A Diabetic Dog Or Cat
The diagnosis of diabetes can be daunting. For many people, monitoring blood glucose and giving daily insulin injections to their pets seems like mission impossible. After some time and practice though, managing your diabetic patient can become second nature. What stories and tips can you share with others who live with diabetic pets,...

Veterinary Q & A: Pancreatitis in Dogs and Cats
It's that time of year again - holiday feasts and yummy treats start to appear everywhere. It is tempting to give extra treats to pets too, but caution is advised -- Pancreatitis and other stomach/gut upsets can occur, leading to a trip to the vet in some cases. Pancreatitis can also occur without a known history of fatty food ingestion. Learn...

Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes mellitus is a common disease of dogs and cats. Diabetes mellitus occurs when insulin-secreting cells of the pancreas are destroyed and the body is no longer able to regulate glucose (sugar). This results in high levels of glucose in the blood and urine. Learn more about diabetes mellitus in dogs and cats and how this disease is...

How do I know if my cat has bad breath?
My cat has "cat food" breath and I have noticed he is drooling more lately (well, I see evidence of it where he lays most of the time). His grooming is fine. But I have noticed his breath smells strongly of cat food. I wouldn't call it malodorous though. So I don't know if it is bad breath?

Heartworms and Heartworm Disease in Cats
Heartworms can infect cats as well as dogs. In cats, heartworm disease tends to show up as respiratory disease rather than heart disease. Feline heartworm disease can be fatal for infected cats.

Safety and Side Effects of Ivermectin in Dogs and Cats
Ivermectin is used in dogs and cats to treat a variety of parasitic diseases. It is also a popular heartworm prevention medicine. Learn about the safety and side effects of ivermectin for dogs and cats.

Using Ivermectin in Dogs and Cats
Ivermectin in dogs and cats is used for many different purposes. It is also used at many different dosages depending on the reason for treatment. Learn more about the uses of ivermectin in dogs and cats.

Benazepril in Dogs and Cats
Benazepril, also known as Fortekor® or Lotensin®, is used in dogs and cats to treat various conditions. Learn more about the potential uses and possible side effects of benazepril in dogs and cats.

Enalapril (Enacard®, Vasotec®) in Dogs and Cats
Enalapril (Enacard®, Vasotec®), an ACE (angiotensin converting enzyme) inhibitor, is used to treat dogs and cats with heart disease, kidney disease and high blood pressure. Learn more about the usages and potential side effects of enalapril in dogs and cats.

Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA) - A Congenital Heart Disease of Dogs
Heart disease in dogs can have many causes. Patent ductus arteriosus is the most common congenital heart disease in the canine.

Pimobendan (Vetmedin®) in Dogs and Cats
Pimobendan (Vetmedin®)is used in dogs and in cats to treat various types of heart disease. Learn more about how pimobendan can help dogs and cats with heart disease.

Diabetes Mellitus in the Cat
Cats with diabetes mellitus have an abnormally functioning pancreas which results in elevated glucose (or sugar) in the blood stream. Learn more about the causes of feline diabetes mellitus and the symptoms that cats with diabetes mellitus might display.

Furosemide (Lasix®) in Dogs and Cats
Furosemide (Lasix®) is used in dogs and cats to treat congestive heart failure and other causes of fluid build-up in the lungs and elsewhere. Learn more about how and when furosemide is used to treat dogs and cats.

Can Ivermectin-Based Heartworm Prevention Medicines Be Used in Collie Breeds?
Ivermectin is commonly used as a heartworm prevention medicine in dogs. However, some breeds of dog such as Collies and similar breeds can have a gene mutation known as MDR1. How safe is ivermectin for collies and similar breeds of dogs?

Causes of Dilated Cardiomyopathy (DCM) Related Heart Disease in Dogs
Heart disease in dogs is a common diagnosis. In large breed dogs, dilated cardiomyopathy is the most common cause of heart disease. Learn more about canine dilated cardiomyopathy and what causes this heart disease in dogs.

Dogs Left In Cars - Risk of Heat Stroke on Warm Days
Every year I see pets, especially dogs, left in the car while the owner "runs a quick errand" inside a store or restaurant. The windows are cracked open, the dog will be fine, right? It's only for a few minutes. Considering that the closed up car acts like a greenhouse and the inside temperatures can soar to 120F in "just a few minutes," instead...

Treatment of Heart Disease Caused by Degenerative Valve Disease in Dogs
Heart disease in dogs caused by degeneration of the mitral and/or tricuspid valves is a common diagnosis. Learn about the medications and techniques commonly used to treat valvular heart disease in dogs.

Mitral Valve Disease - The Most Common Cause of Valvular Heart Disease in Dogs
Heart disease is common in dogs. Valvular heart disease is the most common cause of heart disease and is especially common in small breed dogs. The mitral valve is the valve of the heart that is most often affected. Learn more about mitral valve disease in dogs.

Tricuspid Valve Disease - Heart Disease Related to the Tricuspid Valve in Dogs
Though valvular heart disease in dogs is most commonly caused by mitral gland degeneration, tricuspid valve degeneration can also occur. Learn about how heart disease and heart failure can result from tricuspid valve disease in dogs and about the signs of this type of canine heart disease.

Diagnosing and Monitoring Canine Valvular Heart Disease
Canine heart disease is common and valvular heart disease is the most common cause of heart disease in dogs. Learn about the methods veterinarians use to diagnose mitral and tricuspid valve heart disease and read about ways to monitor your dog at home.

Diagnosing Dilated Cardiomyopathy and Screening Dogs for Heart Disease
Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a common heart disease in large breed dogs. Learn what techniques are used to diagnose dogs that are sick because of DCM and how healthy dogs can be screened for heart disease caused by dilated cardiomyopathy.

Treatment and Prognosis of Dilated Cardiomyopathy in Dogs
Canine dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a heart disease that affects large breed dogs most often. Learn about the treatment options for dogs that have dilated cardiomyopathy and the prognosis for dogs diagnosed with heart disease caused by DCM.

Signs of Heart Disease Caused by Dilated Cardiomyopathy (DCM) in Dogs
Dogs with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) can suffer from all of the signs of heart failure. Learn about the signs of heart disease in dogs caused by dilated cardiomyopathy.

Heartworm Disease in Dogs and Cats
Heartworm disease is caused by a parasite that lives mainly in the blood vessels of the lung and in the heart. Heartworm disease has been seen in several species, but dogs are very susceptible. Cats can be severely affected even by only a single heartworm. Heartworm disease may be fatal and difficult to treat, but fortunately heartworm disease...

Glossary Term: Bezoar
A bezoar is a mass found in the gastrointestinal tract, most commonly the stomach. The mass may consist of hair, plant materials, even drugs and may become so large they may be life-threatening. Learn what causes bezoars, and the common types of bezoars found in dogs and cats.

Hairballs
Hairballs are common problems for cats, rabbits, ferrets. Trichobezoars are occasionally found in dogs and humans too. Learn why they are formed, signs to watch for, and how to treat and prevent hairball formation.

Heartworm disease and treatment - share your experiences with dog and…
Heartworm disease is caused by a worm that lives mainly in the blood vessels of the lung and in the heart. Heartworm disease is transmitted by mosquitoes and has been seen in several species. Dogs are very susceptible and cats are at risk, too. Heartworm can be difficult to treat and sometimes fatal, but fortunately Heartworm disease is easy to...

Treatment of Heartworm Disease in Dogs - Slow Kill Versus Immiticide Treatment
Heartworm treatment in dogs is risky with any method. Learn about the relative risks of the slow kill method with monthly ivermectin-containing heartworm preventive medications versus using melarsomine (Immiticide®) to treat canine heartworm disease.

Signs of Heartworm Disease in Dogs
Canine heartworm disease is a potential cause of heart failure as well as damage to the lungs in dogs. Learn about heartworms and the signs of heartworm disease in infected dogs.

Treatment of Heartworm Disease in Dogs
Treatment of heartworm disease in dogs is possible but is not without risk. Learn about the options available for treating a dog with heartworm disease and the risks involved with treatment of canine heartworm disease.

Valvular Heart Disease in Dogs - The Basics of Canine Degenerative Valve Disease
The most common cause of heart disease in dogs, especially small breed dogs, is valvular heart disease. Learn how disease of the mitral and tricuspid valves of the canine heart can cause heart disease and heart failure for affected dogs.

Glossary Term: Blepharospasm
If you notice blepharospasm in your dog or cat, should you try a bland diet and wait until tomorrow? Should you be worried about convulsions? Does your pet need a warmer place to sleep? Or none of the above? Read this glossary entry to find out the meaning of this medical term.

Heartworm Disease
Learn about heartworm Disease in dogs and cats - the parasite life cycle, treatment options, clinical signs, and how to prevent this deadly parasite. Share your experiences with heartworm in dogs and cats.

Kit4Cat Litter Box Sand for Cat Urine Collection
Kit4Cat is a way to easily collect cat urine for analysis at home or in the clinic. This photo gallery is a companion piece to my review of this product, showing how "hydrophobic" sand works.

Kit4Cat - Hydrophobic Litter Box Sand for Urine Collection and Analysis
Kit4Cat is a new way to easily and collect cat urine for analysis. Unlike other non-absorbent materials, sand is a natural litter box material, cats use this readily. Urine is easily suctioned up with the enclosed pipette. This method of urine collection is less invasive than a cystocentesis (collecting urine via a needle into the bladder), and...

Dog Eye Diseases
Common eye diseases of dogs, including Cherry Eye, Eyelash Problems, Entropion. If your dog is pawing at, rubbing or shows signs of pain or irritation around the eyes, seek veterinary help as soon as possible, as eye conditions can change quickly.

Feline Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM)
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is the most common heart disease diagnosed in cats. Learn how feline hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is treated and the prognosis for cats with HCM.

Cats and Aspirin
Cats are not small dogs. Cats metabolize drugs such as aspirin very differently than dogs or humans. It is important to never give medications to your cat unless directed by your veterinarian; accidental toxicity and death are possible when medications such as aspirin or acetaminophen are given to cats. Find out why aspirin should not be given...

Dogs and Aspirin
When a dog is in pain, owners are eager to give medication to ease that pain, but giving human medications such as aspirin or Tyelenol® to pets can cause more problems than it cures. Learn why in this article.

Diagnosing and Treating Feline Dilated Cardiomyopathy
Feline dilated cardiomyopathy is one of the forms of heart disease seen in cats. Learn about how dilated cardiomyopathy in cats is diagnosed and how it is treated.

Treating Heart Disease and Heart Failure in Dogs and Cats
Heart disease and heart failure in dogs and cats can be quite serious. Learn about the different medications commonly used to treat heart disease and congestive heart failure for dogs and cats.

Is Heart Disease the Same as Heart Failure?
Heart disease in dogs and cats is commonly diagnosed and in many cases will eventually lead to heart failure. Learn the difference between heart disease and heart failure in dogs and cats.

Anti-Seizure Medications
Phenobarbital is the medication that is most commonly used to treat seizures and epilepsy in dogs and cats. There are other medications for canine and feline seizures too. Learn more about traditional and newer seizure control medications.

Diazepam (Valium®) in Dogs and Cats
Diazepam (Valium®) is used for several purposes in dogs and cats. Read about the usages and the potential side effects of diazepam for dogs and cats.

Potassium Bromide (KBr) for Treating Seizures in Dogs and Cats
Seizures caused by epilepsy in dogs and cats can be treated with several different medications, including potassium bromide (KBr). Learn about how potassium bromide is used in canine and feline epilepsy, its advantages and disadvantages and potential side effects.

Zonisamide for Treating Seizures in Dogs and Cats
Zonisamide is one of the medications used to treat seizures in dogs and (less often) in cats. Learn about how zonisamide is used in dogs and cats and what the side effects of zonisamide may be in treating seizures for dogs and cats.

Levetiracetam (Keppra®) in Dogs and Cats
Levetiracetam (Keppra®) is an anti-epileptic drug that can be used to treat seizures in dogs and cats. Read about how levetiracetam can help prevent seizures in dogs and cats and about the potential side effects of levetiracetam in dogs and cats as well.

Treating Canine Seizures and/or Epilepsy with Felbamate
Dogs frequently suffer from seizures and/or epilepsy. Felbamate is one of the new generation antiepileptic drugs that is being used to treat seizures in dogs. Find out more about using felbamate to treat seizures in dogs.

Refractory Epilepsy and/or Seizures in Dogs and Cats
Seizures and epilepsy in dogs and cats are sometimes not responsive to treatment. Learn about some of the reasons your dog or cat may have refractory epilepsy and seizures that continue with medication.

Gabapentin in Dogs and Cats
Gabapentin can be used in dogs and cats to relieve pain and treat seizures. Learn about the uses of gabapentin in dogs and cats and how it can be used to treat seizures and/or pain.

Frequently Asked Questions About Seizures in Dogs and Cats
Seizures and epilepsy are a common diagnosis in both dogs and cats. Learn the answers to frequently asked questions about epilepsy and other seizure disorders in dogs and cats.

Seizures and Epilepsy in Dogs and Cats
Seizures are one of the most common neurological problems that are seen in both dogs and cats. Seizures have many possible causes and signs seen vary with the animal and the cause. Learn more about seizures in pets - the signs, possible causes, diagnosis and treatment options in this collection of resources.

Seizures in Cats
Seizures are one of the most common neurological problems seen in cats and dogs. A seizure happens when the cerebral cortex, part of the brain, functions abnormally. There are many different diseases that can cause seizures in dogs and cats. Sometimes, as in the case of idiopathic epilepsy, the cause of seizure activity is unknown.

Tapeworms: What wormer is best?
Tapeworms are a very common parasite of dogs and cats. Most commonly transmitted by fleas, this parasite is also transmissible to humans who accidentally eat an infected flea (i.e. infants and children). Treatment for tapeworm infection in pets is easy if the correct drug is used.

Seizures in Cats
Seizures are one of the most common neurological problems seen in cats and dogs. A seizure happens when the cerebral cortex, part of the brain, functions abnormally. There are many different diseases that can cause seizures in dogs and cats. Sometimes, as in the case of idiopathic epilepsy, the cause of seizure activity is unknown.

Phenobarbital for Treating Seizures and Epilepsy in Dogs and Cats
Phenobarbital is commonly used to treat seizures and epilepsy in dogs and cats. Learn how phenobarbital works in dogs and cats. Find out the benefits and possible side effects of using phenobarbital for your dog or cat.

Treating Canine Seizures or Epilepsy
Canine seizures or epilepsy can be treated in many different ways. Learn about the medications used to treat seizures or epilepsy in dogs.

Treating Cats with Epilepsy and/or Seizures
Seizures or epilepsy can occur in cats. Learn about the medications that are used to treat seizures and epilepsy in cats.

What is Status Epilepticus and How Does It Affect Dogs and Cats
Status epilepticus is defined as a persistent state of seizure. Learn how status epilepticus can affect dogs and cats and what you should do if your dog or cat has a seizure that will not stop.

Diagnosing Seizures and Epilepsy in Dogs and Cats
Seizures are a common problem in dogs and are sometimes seen in cats also. Seizures may be due to epilepsy or to other diseases or conditions. Learn how veterinarians diagnose the cause of canine and feline seizures and/or epilepsy.

Veterinary Q & A: Rabies
Rabies is a zoonotic disease, a disease that is transmissible from animals to humans. Rabies is a virus known to affect all mammals, including humans. Most commonly, rabies is found in carnivores (meat-eating animals) and insect-eating bats. Learn what the signs are and how to protect yourself and pets from this fatal disease.

Comparing Canine and Feline Seizures to Other Diseases or Conditions
Canine and feline seizures are a common neurological occurrence. However, there are a few other diseases that can appear similar to a seizure in a dog or cat. Learn what conditions to look for and how to tell them apart from a seizure in your dog or cat.

Seizures and Epilepsy in Dogs and Cats
Seizures and epilepsy can occur in both dogs and cats. Learn how the terms seizure and epilepsy are defined and understand the difference between how the words seizures and epilepsy are used in the dog and cat.

What To Do if Your Dog or Cat Is Having a Seizure
Watching your dog or cat have a seizure is a frightening experience. Learn how to take care of your dog or cat if he does have a seizure.

Canine Seizures - Causes of Seizures in Dogs
Seizures in dogs can occur for many different reasons. Explore the various causes of canine seizures.

Causes of Seizures in Cats
Feline seizures can have many different causes. Learn about the diseases and conditions that can cause seizures in cats.

Seizures in Cats - Types of Feline Seizures
Seizures are not as common in cats as they are in dogs. However, they can occur and can be focal or generalized. Learn how to recognize the appearance of a cat seizure.

Canine Seizures - Types of Seizures in Dogs
Seizures can occur in dogs and can take several different forms. Learn the different types of seizures which dogs can suffer and how to recognize a canine seizure.

Heart Disease in Cats

Heart disease in cats is common, but often asymptomatic. Learn to recognize the signs of heart problems in cats, various causes, diagnostic and treatment options, and how to manage your heart patient pet at home.

Heart Disease in Cats
Heart disease in cats is common, but often asymptomatic. Learn to recognize the signs of heart problems in cats, various causes, diagnostic and treatment options, and how to manage your heart patient pet at home. Related: Heart Diease in Dogs

Heart Disease in Cats

Heart disease in cats is common, but often asymptomatic. Learn to recognize the signs of heart problems in cats, various causes, diagnostic and treatment options, and how to manage your heart patient pet at home.

Heart Disease in Dogs and Cats - Tell us about your pet's heart disease
Heart disease is common in dogs and cats. The signs can be difficult to detect at first, but coughing, exercise intolerance, and difficulty breathing are common signs of heart (and lung) problems. Some heart diseases, such as heartworm, are preventable and treatable. Some conditions (e.g.) murmurs may be a congenital problem. What signs did you...

Dilated Cardiomyopathy in Cats
Dilated cardiomyopathy is one of the types of cardiomyopathies that can cause heart disease in cats. Learn about the causes and signs of feline dilated cardiomyopathy.

Symptoms and Diagnosis of Cats with Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM)
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, or HCM, is a commonly diagnosed heart disease in cats. Learn to recognize the symptoms of feline hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and find out how HCM is diagnosed in the cat.

Types of Cardiomyopathies in Cats
Cardiomyopathies are common heart diseases in cats. While the majority of feline cardiomyopathies are hypertrophic, they may also be dilated, restrictive or unclassified.

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM) in Cats
In cats, HCM or hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a serious heart disease. Find out what causes feline hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.

What causes a bad odor around eyes?
A viewer asks: "My Shih Tzu has an bad odor around his eyes. What causes that?" This is a common problem and one that needs daily attention to help keep odors and skin inflammation under control.

Diagnosing Canine and Feline Heart Disease and Heart Failure
Canine and feline heart disease is common and can be life-threatening. Learn how heart disease and heart failure is diagnosed in dogs and cats.

Why Does My Dog Stink?
Have you ever asked what you can do to get rid of that "doggie" odor in your pet? It may not be as simple as changing the shampoo you use. Various skin and coat conditions can cause foul odor that may or may not be helped by simply bathing your pet. This Q & A is about a smelly dog and illustrates the importance of a thorough veterinary exam to...

Hemorrhagic GastroEnteritis (HGE) in Dogs
Hemorrhagic GastroEnteritis (HGE) in dogs is a sudden-onset episode of vomiting and diarrhea, often very bloody in nature. The exact cause is unknown, but there are many theories: diet, a bacterial infection or bacterial toxin, virus, reaction to an intestinal parasite, etc. Stress may play a role in the development of HGE. This disease may...

Signs of Heart Disease in the Cat
Heart disease and heart failure are commonly seen in cats. Learn to recognize the symptoms of feline heart disease and heart failure.

Signs of Heart Disease in the Dog
The symptoms of heart disease in dogs are a result of heart failure. Learn to recognize the signs of canine heart disease and heart failure.

Causes of Heart Disease in Dogs
Heart disease in dogs is common. Canine heart disease can have many different causes.

Causes of Heart Disease in Cats
Heart disease in cats can be a devastating disease. There are many different diseases that can cause feline heart disease.

Home Care of a Dog or Cat with Heart Disease or Heart Failure
Heart disease and/or heart failure is a frightening diagnosis for a pet owner. Learn how to care for and what to watch for if your dog or cat has heart disease or is suffering from heart failure.

Heart Murmurs in Cats
Heart murmurs are occasionally heard in cats and do indicate the presence of heart disease. However, the severity of the heart disease cannot be evaluated by the sound of the heart murmur itself.

Heart Murmurs in Dogs
Heart murmurs are frequently heard in dogs and may indicate the presence of heart disease. However, the severity of the heart disease cannot be evaluated by the sound of the heart murmur itself.

Meet Obie, the World's (formerly) Fattest Dachshund
In this interview, meet Nora Vanatta, the veterinary technician who adopted Obie and started his weight loss journey after he was surrendered by a family member. Next in this series is an interview with Dr. Alon Kramer DVM ACVS who did the excess skin reduction surgery as Obie shed the pounds.

Good Grooming: A Matter of Life and Health
Good grooming isn't just for looks -- keeping your pet groomed is important for overall health, too. Learn why "good grooming" is more than brushing your pet's coat -- it is an healthy way to view your pet's home care and prevent costly (and often unnecessary) trips to the vet's office.

Dental Care: Tips for taking care of your pet's teeth
Puppies and kittens lose their "baby" teeth in the first year. Getting your pet used to having their mouth examined and teeth brushed is a good start to healthy teeth and gums. As pets age, dental tartar and plaque may affect not only the teeth, but gums, heart and internal organs as well. Here are some dental health resources to keep your pet...

Stinky Pets

Bad odors in dogs and cats may indicate a health problem such as dental disease, anal sac abscess, infected ears, or a hot spot. In other cases, a bad odor may simply indicate that the pet needs a bath. Learn to smell the difference and visit your vet when needed.

Itching and Scratching in Dogs and Cats
Itching, scratching, fleas, allergies and hair loss are among the most common questions to veterinarians. Hair loss and scratching are very common signs that represent a multitude of possible health or parasite problems. Often the scratching, chewing and licking lead to secondary problems. Your veterinarian will need to do an examination and...

Skin Disease, Hair Loss and Scratching in Dogs and Cats
Itching, scratching, fleas, allergies and hair loss are among the most common questions to veterinarians. Hair loss and scratching are very common signs that represent a multitude of possible health or parasite problems. Often the scratching, chewing and licking lead to secondary problems. Your veterinarian will need to do an examination and...

7 Things to do NOW to be ready for fireworks
Every year I think "oh it won't be so bad" when the fireworks start. But, as those of you who live with a noise-phobic dog (or cat) know, it always is that bad, and sometimes worse, than I expect. All it takes is one ka-boom and the trembling starts. Here are 5 things to get in place now to ease into the noisy season.

Dental Care for Pets
Pet dental care is important for overall health. Learn about dental disease in dogs and cats, what is involved in a dental cleaning, and how to keep your pet's mouth and teeth healthy with this Veterinary Q & A.

New Year's Resolutions for Pets - What Are Your New Year's Resolutions for...
I am not a big fan of making resolutions for my pets or myself. It seems to be a set up for disappointment. That said, I am a fan of being aware of positive changes and the power of telling someone else or writing it down. Small steps are best, and 100% compliance isn't necessary for success, but this leads to more steps and more positive...

Pet Health and Veterinary Apps for Smartphones and Computers
In September 2009, I reviewed the Jive Media Pet First Aid app. Since then, the app (short for "application" - a program for smartphones, iPads and computers) market has grown tremendously. Pet health apps are part of that growth. What are your favorite pet-related apps? Have they helped your pet in a time of crisis or to achieve a healthier...

Skin Problems in Dogs and Cats - Secrets to Prevent Skin Problems in Dogs and...
Skin Problems in Dogs and Cats - Secrets to Prevent Skin Problems in Dogs and Cats

Most Common Causes of Allergies in Dogs and Cats
Allergies in dogs and cats are a common cause of skin problems. Fleas, substances in the environment and foods are the most common causes of allergies in dogs and cats.

Canine and Feline Flea Allergy Treatment
Flea allergies in dogs and cats are common causes of skin disease. Treatment of flea allergies in dogs and cats requires controlling the flea infestation.

Dermatitis in Dogs and Cats Caused by Bacterial and Yeast Infections
Yeast and bacterial infections can contribute to dermatitis in dogs and cats. Treatment of yeast and bacterial infections in dogs and cats involves anti-fungal medications and antibiotics, respectively.

Diagnosing Hair Loss and Scratching in Dogs and Cats
Hair loss and scratching in dogs and cats are frequent causes of veterinary visits. There are several diagnostic tests your veterinarian will want to perform to help diagnose the cause of hair loss and scratching in your dog or cat.

Treatment of Dogs and Cats with Food Allergy
Food allergy in dogs and cats can cause skin disease, itching and scratching. Treatment for food allergy in dogs and cats requires feeding protein and carbohydrate sources to which your dog or cat is not allergic.

Treating Dogs and Cats with Allergies Caused by Atopy
Atopy is frequent cause of allergies in dogs and cats. Learn about the treatment of allergies caused by atopy in dogs and cats.

Common Causes of Hair Loss and Scratching in Dogs and Cats
Hair loss and scratching in dogs and cats are commonly seen symptoms. There are many diseases that can cause hair loss and scratching in dogs and cats. These are some of the most common causes.

New Year's Resolutions for Pet Owners: Tips for enhancing animals' lives and...
It is the start of a new year, and people's thoughts often turn to diet and exercise, making up for holiday indulgences. But there are more things to consider than simply diet and exercise when it comes to being a good pet owner and animal lover. Here, in no particular order, are 10 tips to a healthier lifestyle for animals in need and our own...

FIV (Feline Immunodeficiency Virus) in Cats - Treating and Preventing FIV
FIV (feline immunodeficiency virus) in cats can be successfully prevented. However, if your cat is already infected with FIV, you will want to know about treatment options.

Feline AIDS: Testing for FIV and Caring for Cats with a Positive AIDS Test
Cats should be tested for feline AIDS (feline immunodeficiency virus or FIV) routinely. Cats that are positive for the feline AIDS virus need special care.

Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV) - Recognizing AIDS in Cats
Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) is a contagious viral disease of cats. Find out if your cat is at risk for feline immunodeficiency virus.

Common Symptoms of Dog and Cat Allergies
Allergies are a common problems in dogs and cats. Allergies in dogs and cats can cause skin and ear problems as well as other symptoms.

Is My Pet Overweight? - Part I
Is my pet overweight? This article is an overview on how to get started on assessing your pet's body condition, diet and fitness levels. Your veterinarian will help determine your pet's optimal weight and help set up a safe weight loss program specifically for your pet if it is determined that obesity is a problem.

Kidney Disease in Dogs and Cats
Kidney failure, also referred to as renal failure or renal insufficiency, can occur in both dogs and cats. In a healthy animal, the kidneys filter waste products that are produced by the body. In kidney failure, these waste products are not filtered properly and start to build up in the blood stream. This is when clinical signs of kidney...

Foods Toxic to Pets - Yeast Bread Dough
Dough that has yeast in it poses a hazard to pets who consume it in large quantity. The risks are two-fold. The first risk is that the dough may rise after ingestion, causing intestinal obstruction. Secondly, the yeast can ferment sugars, creating a secondary problem of ethanol (alcohol) poisoning in the animal. Ahna Brutlag DVM and Justine A....

Toxic Foods - Raisins
Raisins and grapes are very toxic to dogs and possibly cats. Some dogs love eating raisins and grapes and will seek them out. Pet owners have used even raisins as a "healthy" treat for their dogs. At this point in time, the toxic factor of raisins and grapes has not been identified. It is thought to be contained in the flesh, not the seed, of...

Kidney Disease in Dogs and Cats - Tell us about your experiences with kidney...

Preventing Kidney Failure in Dogs and Cats
Kidney failure in dogs and cats is a common problem. However, there are some simple precautions that can help prevent kidney failure in dogs and cats.

Treating Acute Renal Failure in Dogs and Cats
Acute renal failure in dogs and cats is also known as kidney failure and it is a serious, life-threatening condition. The most important aspect of treatment for acute renal failure in dogs and cats is fluid therapy but other treatment methods are usually needed as well.

Treating Chronic Canine and Feline Renal Failure
Chronic canine and feline renal failure requires ongoing treatment. Learn about the options available for treating chronic canine and feline renal failure.

Testing for Canine and Feline Kidney Failure
Canine and feline kidney failure can be diagnosed using several different laboratory tests. Monitoring ongoing cases of canine and feline kidney failure is important also and involves many of the same tests used to diagnose kidney failure in the dog and cat.

Kidney Failure in Dogs and Cats
Kidney failure in dogs and cats can have many different causes. Both acute and chronic canine and feline kidney failure can occur. Common causes of kidney failure in dogs and cats include bacterial infections, immune-mediated disorders, inadequate blood flow to kidneys resulting from shock or trauma, toxins and metabolic diseases.

Symptoms of Kidney Failure in Dogs and Cats
Kidney failure in dogs and cats is commonly seen. Kidney failure is especially common in older dogs and cats but can occur in dogs and cats of any age. It is important that pet owners know the symptoms of kidney failure in dogs and cats so that veterinary care can be sought if the symptoms occur.

Arthritis in Dogs and Cats
Learning the signs of arthritis in dogs and cats is the first step to recognizing the problem and helping your pet stay comfortable as they age. Learn about arthritis in dogs and cats - the signs, diagnosis, treatment options and ways to prevent further joint damage, including maintaining a healthy weight for your pet.

Caring for Your Arthritic Dog
Arthritic dogs need special care at home to make their lives easier and more comfortable. Find out what you can do for your arthritic dog.

Treatment Options for Arthritis in Dogs
Arthritis in dogs is painful and the pain can be relieved with many different treatment options. Normally, incorporating more than one canine arthritis medicine and/or treatment option is the best way to treat arthritis in dogs.

Caring for Your Arthritic Cat
Arthritic cats may not openly show their pain, but arthritis is a painful condition. There are several things a cat owner can do make the home more amenable to and comfortable for an arthritic cat.

Preventing Arthritis in Dogs and Cats
Arthritis in dogs and cats may not be completely preventable. However, the most important thing that can be done to prevent arthritis in dogs and cats is to maintain an ideal body weight and ideal body condition. Obese dogs and cats are more likely to suffer the signs of arthritis.

Treating Arthritis in Cats
Arthritis in cats can be treated using several different treatment options. Arthritis in cats in a painful disease and successful treatment methods must relieve the pain caused by feline arthritis.

Recognizing Arthritis in Dogs
Arthritis is common in dogs. Canine arthritis can be quite painful. Being able to recognize the symptoms of arthritis in your dog is important.

What's Your Diagnosis - Swollen Dog Nose
This dog was presented to the clinic in the morning with a swollen nose. She seemed fine the night before. What could cause this dramatic swelling? A local allergic reaction was the first thought. Find out what was done and how the final diagnosis was made to begin treatment.

Parvovirus Infection in Dogs
Parvovirus infection is a serious disease that affects the gasstrointestinal or cardiac systems of dogs. Parvo is a highly contagious and often sudden viral disease; puppies are particularly susceptible. Learn about the clinical signs, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of Parvo in this article.

What are heartworms, and can I catch them from my dog?
Most pet owners have heard of heartworms. But what do heartworms look like and how are they transmitted from animal to animal? Learn the answers to these questions and more in this FAQ.

Entropion in Dogs and Cats
About entropion in dogs and cats, including information on the symptoms and treatment of entropion.

Ectropion in Dogs and Cats
About ectropion in dogs and cats, including information on the symptoms and treatment of ectropion.

Infectious Canine Cyclic Thrombocytopenia
About Infectious Canine Cyclic Thrombocytopenia in dogs, including signs, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prevention.

Conjunctivitis
A definition of conjunctivitis, along with potential causes of conjunctivitis in dogs and cats.

Puppy Vaginitis
About puppy vaginitis, including signs, symptoms, diagnosis, and care.

Cheyletiella
About Cheyletiella in cats and dogs, including risk factors, signs, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prevention.

Ear mites in cats and dogs - tell us your stories about dealing with …
Ear mites are tiny parasites that live out their life cycle mostly inside the ear canal. They are quite common, and can cause severe irritation and itchiness of the ears. The most common ear mite of cats and dogs is Otodectes cynotis, and therefore an infestation with ear mites is sometimes called "otodectic mange." Has your pet been diagnosed with ear mites? Please share your story - what did yo…

Ear Mites
About ear mites in cats and dogs, including risk factors, signs, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prevention.

Babesia Infections in Dogs
About Babesia infections in dogs, including risk factors, signs, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of babesiosis.

Thrombocytopenia - Tell us about your dog or cat's struggles with low…
Thrombocytopenia is a low blood platelet count. Thrombocytopenia isn't a disease in and of itself, but a potential sign of many different diseases. The disease process may be immune-mediated (the body destroying its own platelets), a decrease in production (as with bone marrow disease) or a toxic or infectious agent (parasites, bacteria, drug-induced, etc. Whatever the cause, this condition can b…

Heartworm Disease in Dogs
About heartworm disease including information on the life cycle of heartworms, transmission of heartworm and risk factors, and the importance of preventing heartworm disease. Diagnosis and treatment of heartworm disease are also discussed.

Meet Porter the French Bulldog
We first met Terri Marks DVM in 2008, with her Mastiff, Bo, short for "Kubota." Bo had a story to tell; first of injury then of rescue and recovery. He went on to become a show and therapy dog. Now Marks is back with a new dog, Porter, who, like Bo, has a few stories to tell.

Itchy pets - what worked for your itchy pet?
Itchy pets, especially dogs, are very common. Itchiness can be due to many reasons, but most commonly can be attributed to parasites (fleas, mites) or allergies. Unlike humans, environmental or food allergies often manifest as itchy skin and ears. Add to that licking, biting, chewing and scratching, and skin infections can develop, worsening the itching. It can be a vicious cycle. What was the ca…

Senior Pets - Older Dogs and Cats Have Lots of Love to Share
Senior pets have a special place in my heart. While they often take lots of time and extra care to accommodate for the changes seen in old age, they still give their all to their human family members. Adopting a senior pet is a selfless act of caring, in my opinion. The stories of seniors up for adoption are usually heartbreaking - an owner dies or is too ill or elderly to care for the pet, the f…

Canine Alopecia - Joey the Balding Dog
Guest author Richard Young DVM, ABVP shares this interesting case report of Joey, a deaf terrier mix who was losing his hair. It was a very symmetrical pattern of baldness (alopecia) in an otherwise very healthy dog. Dr. Young was puzzled about this case, so he referred him to a veterinary dermatologist. What they found was not only interesting,...

Small Animal Massage and Acupressure Therapy
Canine health therapist Heather Sanders works with veterinarians to provide a variety of massage, acupressure and holistic healing services to help pets stay healthy. Learn more about the pets she helps and what types of certifications are available for this type of work.

Small Animal Massage, Physical Therapy and Water Therapy
Pain management and rehabilitation therapies once thought to be available only for humans are now becoming more mainstream treatments for pets in many areas. This is the first part of a series of interviews with various animal therapists working to help animals heal after an injury and deal with various painful conditions, including arthritis.

Interview with Cathy Chen-Rennie - small animal massage and h…
Small Animal Massage and Hydrotherapy - Interview with an animal massage and hydrotherapist

Interview with Lou Johnston - small animal massage and physiotherapist
Pain management and rehabilitation therapies once thought to be available only for humans are now becoming more mainstream treatments for pets in many areas. This is the first part of a series of interviews with various animal therapists working to help animals heal after an injury and deal with various painful conditions, including arthritis.

Monitoring Lumps and Bumps in Pets - share your experiences
Discovering a lump on your pet is often a scary finding. The first thing to do is make an appointment with your vet for help in determining what the lump may be, especially if your pet is lethargic, in pain, or bothering the lump. If your vet says to "watch the lump" for growth, what is the best way without worrying daily? I have shared a lump-monitoring tip here. Do you have any tips for monitor…

Lumps and Bumps in Pets
It is unsettling to find a lump on your pet. Any and all lumps should be checked out by your veterinarian, especially if your pet is acting sick. Your vet will assess the location, duration, firmness, and size. A needle aspirate may also be taken to look at what type of cells make up the lump. Here is a collection of "lumps and bumps" resources and photos to answer questions about common lumps in…

Lumps and Bumps - Quick Tip On How To Monitor a Lump for Growth
Discovering a lump on your pet is often a scary finding. The first thing to do is make an appointment with your vet for help in determining what the lump may be, especially if your pet is lethargic, in pain, or bothering the lump. If your vet says to "watch the lump" for growth, what is the best way without worrying daily? Here is a tip to keep things in perspective and on record.

Lipoma Removal - Surgical Photo Gallery of Lipoma Removal in a Dog
Lipomas are fatty tumors found commonly in dogs. They appear in middle-aged and senior dogs, usually on the belly or upper legs, but can appear anywhere. Most lipomas are just watched and not surgically removed, but if they are large, impede movement or function, or suspected of being malignant, they are removed surgically. This is a surgical step-by-step of a lipoma removal. Note: photos are gra…

Fat Pets - How You Slimmed Down Your Overweight Pet
You recognize that your pet is overweight. Your veterinarian has sent home a diet and exercise plan for your pet. That said, old habits and patterns can be hard to break. What worked for your pet to break those snack and couch potato habits? How did you get (and keep) your pet on the road to a fit and healthy life? Share what worked here.

Interview with Dr. Nancy Kay - Author of Speaking For Spot
This is my interview with Nancy Kay DVM DACVIM, the author of Speaking For Spot, a book about pet patient advocacy. Readers will learn how to recognize signs of illness in their pet, find a veterinarian, learn about medical conditions and procedures, confront money issues, and finally, get help knowing when it is "time" to say goodbye to a beloved pet.

Oliver the Cat's Weight Management Diary
Oliver the Cat's Weight Management Diary is a photo "project" examining Oliver the cat and his diet and exercise program. Bonnie Vengrow (my editor at About.com) adopted Oliver in August of 2008. I haven't met Oliver in person yet, but Bonnie is dedicated to making sure that Oliver stays healthy. Even though he is a big cat, his estimated weight...

Odd and Interesting: Not Your Typical Veterinary Medicine Cases
Veterinarians use the term "looking for zebras" to describe oddball medical cases, and to serve as a reminder to keep in mind the more common (and anticipated) diagnoses. The "zebras" are fun, though, and they serve as a good reminder to expect just about anything when it comes to animals.

Sunburn: Not Just For Humans -- Protect Your Pets, Too
People are finally learning about the dangers of sun exposure. Now this sun care attention is turning to our pets. White animals and those that have a summer hair cut or with naturally thin (or nonexistent!) hair coats are particularly sensitive to the sun, and may suffer the same ills as humans: sunburn and skin cancers. This Quick Tip offers...

Stem Cell Regenerative Therapy in Veterinary Medicine
Stem cells have been in the news in recent years because they can grow and differentiate into many types of cell types. For cells originating from human embryos, there are many ethical and legal debates about usage of these cells. Scientists are now focusing on adult stem cells; cells from adult animals that do not harm the animal to procure the...

Aging Pet Care Awareness -- know what "senior" means for your pet
A comment that I hear frequently (and say myself!) is that pets don't live long enough. As veterinary medicine advances and pet lover's awareness grows, longer and healthier lifespans are possible. Average pet lifespan varies greatly between dogs, cats and breeds. Being aware of the changes age brings will help owners prepare for optimal pet health in the senior years.

Medical Conditions That Can't Wait
While we endeavor to take the very best care of our pets, sometimes it is confusing to know if they are sick or not, if is it an emergency, or if we can wait and watch to see if they will improve. This list is by no means the absolute list to know if you should take your pet to the vet or not (always call your vet if you have any question about your pet's health", but rather it is a list o…

How to Give Your Cat a Pill
Most cat owners have been faced with giving their cat a pill at sometime or another. Here are some tips to make the process easier for you and your cat.

Dermatology Diary Part 7: Meet Simba and Asia
Lianne McLeod, Guide to Exotic Pets at About.com and a veterinarian, has written an extensive "diary" account of her two dogs who suffer from itchy skin and hair loss. Learn what is involved in a veterinary referral work up; how skin diseases are examined and ruled out, the topical medications, oral medications and special diets that veterinary dermatologists use to diagnose and return their patients to good health.

Why should my cryptorchid pet be neutered?
Cryptorchidism is when one or both testicles fail to descend into the scrotum. This condition is a fairly common problem; seen in dogs, cats and other animals. This is a well-documented genetic trait -- animals with this condition should not be bred. Find out why in this FAQ.

Dermatology Diary Part 6: Meet Simba and Asia
Lianne McLeod, Guide to Exotic Pets at About.com and a veterinarian, has written an extensive "diary" account of her two dogs who suffer from itchy skin and hair loss. Learn what is involved in a veterinary referral work up; how skin diseases are examined and ruled out, the topical medications, oral medications and special diets that veterinary dermatologists use to diagnose and return their patients to good health.

Dermatology Diary Part 5: Meet Simba and Asia
Lianne McLeod, Guide to Exotic Pets at About.com and a veterinarian, has written an extensive "diary" account of her two dogs who suffer from itchy skin and hair loss. Learn what is involved in a veterinary referral work up; how skin diseases are examined and ruled out, the topical medications, oral medications and special diets that veterinary dermatologists use to diagnose and return their patients to good health.

Find Many Ways to Participate in Spay Day USA
SpayDay USA is held each year in February to promote awareness about the serious pet overpopulation problem in the United States. In addition to sharing information about pet overpopuplation, responsible pet ownership and the health benefits of neutering your animal (spay or castration surgery), Spay Day promotes several avenues for low-cost...

Dermatology Diary Part 4: Meet Simba and Asia
Lianne McLeod, Guide to Exotic Pets at About.com and a veterinarian, has written an extensive "diary" account of her two dogs who suffer from itchy skin and hair loss. Learn what is involved in a veterinary referral work up; how skin diseases are examined and ruled out, the topical medications, oral medications and special diets that veterinary dermatologists use to diagnose and return their patients to good health.

Meet Obie, the World's (formerly) Fattest Dachshund
In this interview, meet Nora Vanatta, the veterinary technician who adopted Obie and started his weight loss journey after he was surrendered by a family member. Next in this series is an interview with Dr. Alon Kramer DVM ACVS who did the excess skin reduction surgery as Obie shed the pounds.

Dermatology Diary: Meet Simba and Asia
Lianne McLeod, Guide to Exotic Pets at ABout.com and a veterinarian, has written an extensive "diary" account of her two dogs who suffer from itchy skin and hair loss. Learn what is involved in a veterinary referral work up; how skin diseases are examined and ruled out, the topical medications, oral medications and special diets that veterinary dermatologists use to diagnose and return their patients to good health.

Dermatology Diary: Meet Simba and Asia
Lianne McLeod, Guide to Exotic Pets at ABout.com and a veterinarian, has written an extensive "diary" account of her two dogs who suffer from itchy skin and hair loss. Learn what is involved in a veterinary referral work up; how skin diseases are examined and ruled out, the topical medications, oral medications and special diets that veterinary dermatologists use to diagnose and return their patients to good health.

Dermatology Diary - photos of two canine dermatology patients
Lianne McLeod, Guide to Exotic Pets at ABout.com and a veterinarian, has written an extensive "diary" account of her two dogs who suffer from itchy skin and hair loss. Learn what is involved in a veterinary referral work up; how skin diseases are examined and ruled out, the topical medications, oral medications and special diets that veterinary dermatologists use to diagnose and return their patients to good health.

Urinary Tract Infections In Pets - Has your dog or cat had a UTI?
Urinary tract infections in pets are common. Many of the signs of urinary problems for dogs and cats are similar. While both dogs and cats have the potential to become obstructed ("blocked"), this life-threatening situation is more common in male cats.

Dermatology Diary: Meet Simba and Asia
Lianne McLeod, Guide to Exotic Pets at ABout.com and a veterinarian, has written an extensive "diary" account of her two dogs who suffer from itchy skin and hair loss. Learn what is involved in a veterinary referral work up; how skin diseases are examined and ruled out, the topical medications, oral medications and special diets that veterinary...

How to Take Care of Torn Toenails in a Dog or Cat
Most pet owners have experienced a torn toenail, especially dog owners. This How To describes how to take care of an injured nail until it can be examined by a veterinarian.

You know your pet is pudgy when... how to assess your pet's optimum body weight
It can be hard to resist those soulful eyes, that wagging tail, and that earnest face. However, with pet obesity being one of the top health concerns for our pets, a quick assessment of optimal body weight could help lengthen your pet's life. Find out how to objectively assess your pet's body condition in this article.

How is a Bile Acid test performed, and what information does a Bile Acid Test...
Forum member TRISHA1920 asks: "My dog had his Bile Acid test today and I won't get the results until early next week. Does anyone know what a Bile Acid test is? It sounds like something to do with Acid in the gullet..." Find out the answers to these questions and more in this FAQ.

How to Know When It Is 'Time' to Euthanize a Pet (Put To Sleep)
Here are some questions to consider when evaluating the quality of life for your pet. A general rule of thumb is when "the bad days outnumber the good days", but that can be difficult to assess. Becoming familiar with these guidelines will help pet owners determine when it is time to say goodbye to a terminally ill pet.

How to Administer Liquid Oral Medications to Pets
Step-by-step "how to" on how to give your cat or dog liquid medication using a dropper.

From the Mailbag: Dog Days of Summer
A viewer asks: "Does the color of the coat of a dog make much difference in the dog-days of summer?" Learn the answers to this interesting seasonal question.

The Viewer Viewpoint - The Gift of Sight
Viewer-submitted piece describing her pet's diagnosis with diabetes, followed by blindess in both eyes. Thankfully, the diabetes is under control, and a successful eye surgery regained her pet's sight.

Hookworms in Dogs
About Hookworms in dogs, including risk factors, signs, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prevention.

Whipworms in Dogs and Cats
About whipworms in dogs, including risk factors, signs, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prevention.

Hookworms in Cats
About Hookworms in cats, including risk factors, signs, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prevention.

Revolution
About Revolution and its intended uses, as well as information on administration and precautions when using Revolution.

Heartgard
About Heartgard and its intended uses, as well as information on administration and precautions when using Heartgard.

Extramedullary Plasmacytomas
About Plasmatcytomas in dogs, including risk factors, signs, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.

Feline Parasites
Parasites come in many sizes, shapes and levels of "severity" for our pets. This collection of parasites are those commonly found on cats and other species, sometimes affecting humans (called a zoonotic disease).

Nicotine Poisoning in Pets
It has been known for quite some time that second-hand cigarette smoke is dangerous to pets and people. Pets may also find discarded cigarette or cigar butts, nicotine patches, nicotine gum and chewing tobacco and give them a taste test. Especially curious puppies. All of these tobacco products contain nicotine, which can cause illness and even death in fairly small amounts. This quick tips is to alert people of this danger and a reminder to dispose of these products safely away from pets.

Parvo in Dogs
Canine parvovirus (also called parvo) is a very contagious and potentially fatal viral disease seen in dogs. Most commonly, parvovirus causes gastroenteritis, or inflammation of the stomach and intestines. Canine parvovirus is contagious and can survive for several months (some experts say as long as 2 years) in the environment, and is also resistant to many disinfectants. Vaccination is necessary to protect dogs, especially puppies.

Leptospirosis in Dogs
About Leptospirosis in dogs, including risk factors, signs, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prevention.

Glossary Term: Jaundice
Definition of Jaundice including signs of jaundice, and possible causes in dogs and cats.

Infectious Canine Hepatitis - Adenovirus
About Infectious Canine Hepatitis in dogs, including risk factors, signs, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prevention.

Anemia
Definition of Anemia including possible causes in dogs and cats.

Why does my pet scoot?
Both dogs and cats have anal sacs that may become impacted or infected if not emptying properly. This causes itching, scooting and pain. Severe cases may abscess and rupture. Learn the signs of anal sac problems and how to keep your pet comfortable and scoot-free.

Lyme Disease in Dogs
Lyme disease is caused by a bacteria called Borrelia burgdorferi and is spread by ticks. Lyme disease is transmitted by the deer tick (blacklegged tick) and a small group of other closely related ticks. The deer tick is small and may bite animals and people without being detected. Learn about the risk factors, signs, diagnosis and prevention of Lyme disease in dogs and people.

Feline Leukemia Virus in Cats
About feline leukemia virus (FeLV) in cats, including risk factors, signs, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prevention.

Vaccines for Dogs
About vaccination in dogs, including which vaccines are commonly given to dogs as part of their preventative medicine program.

Glossary Term: Linear Foreign Body
Cats and string seem to go together, made popular by images and toys through time. Likewise, dogs may be tempted to eat string or similar materials. As harmless as it sounds, string can be very dangerous! Learn about this common, yet easily avoidable, health emergency.

Veterinary Q & A - Salivary Gland Cyst (Sialocele)
Veterinary Q & A - Salivary Gland Cyst (Sialocele)

Lyme Disease in Cats
About Lyme Disease in cats, including risk factors, signs, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prevention.

Upper Respiratory Infections in Cats
About Upper Respiratory Infections in cats, including risk factors, signs, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prevention.

Icky Things Pets Eat - Tell us the worst thing your pet has eaten
Icky Things Pets Eat - Tell us the worst thing your pet has eaten

Daily Dog Eats
Pet food is always a hot topic. People want to know what to feed their pets (kibble, canned, raw or home cooked), learn about special diets for weight loss, seniors or prescription situations and be aware of pet food recall alerts. In this review, please share with us your favorite "regular" dog food for healthy active dogs.See submissions

Puppy Foods
In this review, please share with us your favorite puppy food, commercial or home made, for growing puppies.See submissions

Kitten Foods
In this review, please share with us your favorite kitten or growth food, commercial or home made, for growing kittens.

Senior Cat Foods
As our cats get older, their dietary needs change. They don't need as many calories as a younger cat, and may need some help with joint health and weight management. The definition of "senior cat"varies some, but is usually cats older than 8 years of age. Have you switched your cat to a senior diet? How did you decide on this brand? What do you like about this food, and do you think it helps your cat?

Prescription and Special Needs Diets
Has your vet prescribed a special diet for your pet to lose weight, maintain kidney or urinary health, joint health or to help with allergies? Perhaps you researched a special diet for your cat on your own. Please tell us about your cat's special dietary needs and what food(s) best help keep your cat in the best of health.

Cat Treats and Snacks
Just like humans, cat treats and snacks are becoming healthier. Smart consumers know that calorie and sugar filed snacks contribute to obesity and a host of other problems. Thank goodness we now have many snacks and treats to choose from for our cat. Some snacks are "just because" and some are used as training aids. What snacks does your cat...See submissions

Cat Food Reviews

Knowing what to feed is the "best" food to feed cats at each life stage is a very common question. Is there a best food? What if your cat has special dietary needs? We are lucky in that there is a huge variety of pet foods to select from at this time and lots of ways to make pet foods at home.

How did you select your cat's food? Are you happy with the cost and seeing health benefits for your cat? Please share your review of your cat's favorite (or not so favorite) foods and treats.

Cherry Eye: What is Cherry Eye and How Is This Condition Treated?
Questions about cherry eye are common on this site. Dog owners notice a "cherry red" lump in the corner of their dog's eye(s) and wonder what it is and what to do about it. What causes this condition, and how is it treated? Find out more in this Cherry Eye FAQ.

Glossary Term: Incubation Period
Incubation period is a common term in medicine and may be used to describe any type of pathogenic (disease-causing) organism. Learn more about incubation periods in this glossary entry.

5 Things To Know About Canine Parvo
The parvo virus first appeared clinically in 1978, and there was a widespread epidemic in dogs of all ages because it was a new virus and no dogs had been exposed to it before. A vaccine was created. The incidence of this disease in adult vaccinated dogs is now thankfully extremely rare. But parvo still kills puppies and non-vaccinated dogs....

My senior dog is drinking lots of water. Is it just old age?
No matter what age your pet is, a noticeable increase in water intake (drinking) or urination often means there is an underlying medical problem. Also, a change in urinary habits, such as urinating in the house or where the pet sleeps, increased urge to urinate, or very dilute urine needs to be evaluated as soon as possible. One exception for...

Urinary Problems in Cats
Cats are well-known for their "urinary issues" -- spraying, marking, urinary tract infections and urethral obstructions. These events may happen once or multiple times, a singular event or related. It is always most important to rule out a medical problem before assuming that your cat is just being "bad" or upset about something. Urinary...

Glossary Term: Pyelonephritis
Pyelonephritis is a serious disease of the urinary system. Symptoms can range from "obviously sick" to very few signs seen, depending on the length and severity of infection. Being familiar with possible warning signs could help save your pet's life. Learn more in this glossary entry.

Urinary Problems in Dogs
Urinary problems in dogs are common. Signs can range from barely noticeable to unable to urinate (this is an emergency). Some urinary problems are the result of other diseases, such as diabetes with increased urination as the most common first sign. Other problems may be the result of stones or tumors in the bladder, causing abnormal urination...

Ear Infections, Ear Mites and Aural Hematomas
Common questions about Ear Infections, Ear Mites and Aural Hematomas in dogs and cats.

Itching, Scratching, and Hair Loss
Itching, scratching, and hair loss are very common problems for many pets, both dogs and cats. Fleas, allergies, parasites and immune problems are often to blame. A thorough veterinary examination is in order to find the problem and the inciting cause. Here are some answers to common itchy skin and hair loss questions.

Share your tips, stories and opinions
The opinions, comments and tips from viewers greatly enrich this site. See what viewers have to say on a variety of veterinary and pet health topics, and add in your comments as well. Do you have tips on how you saved money with pets? Has your pet eaten anything particularly icky lately? Are you considering a career as a veterinary technician and wonder what the salary is like? Learn and contribute your knowledge to these subjects and more.

Pet Medication Tip
I recently attended seminar presented by Pfizer Animal Health, and their research shows that people forget to take their own medications just as often as they forget to give their pet's their medications. (Or they assume that someone else administered the pet's medications.) What about when you are away? Will your pet caretakers remember to give...

Can You Spay A Dog or Cat In Heat (Estrus)?
A viewer asked: "Can a female dog in heat be spayed?" Technically the answer is yes, but your results may vary, as many vets prefer to wait until the heat cycle is over. Read this FAQ to learn why and know why the costs are usually a little higher when spaying a dog in heat.

Signs of Cancer in Dogs
Cancer is an unfortunately common disease of dogs. For dogs over 10 years of age, approximately 50% of deaths are cancer-related. Like humans, there are many types of cancers and many clinical signs seen. The causes of these cancers are largely unknown, making prevention difficult. Being aware of possible signs of cancer in pets will help...

Selecting Effective Flea And Tick Control
Farnam Pet Products helps you select the best product to fight fleas, ticks, and other pet parasites -- on your pet and in your home.

Veterinary Q & A: Limping and Lameness
Common scenarios involving lameness and injury in dogs and cats presented to help viewer determine when to call the veterinarian.

Protect your pet against Cheat Grass and Foxtail!
As these plants dry out and the barbed seed pods begin to scatter, this can mean trouble for pets who get them caught in paws, eyes nostrils and embedded in fur and skin. Learn what what to watch for and how to prevent problems.

Stinky Pets - Tell us about your stinky pet
Bad odors in dogs and cats may indicate a health problem such as dental disease, anal sac abscess, infected ears, or a hot spot. In other cases, a bad odor may simply indicate that the pet needs a bath. Learn to smell the difference and visit your vet when needed.

Getting Rid Of Poison Ivy, Oak, and Sumac on Pets
Dogs and cats do not suffer the allergenic effects of poison ivy, sumac or oak like humans do, but they can transmit the oil of these plants to humans on their hair. This means that your pet can bring you poison ivy (and related) even though you haven't been in the woods. The oil responsible for the rashes and blisters that humans get is very hardy and long-lived. Here are some tips for getting rid of it on your pets.

Poison Ivy, Oak and Sumac - 6 Things You Should Know
The questions of if pets can get poison ivy or if they can spread poison ivy (and related plants) to their human family are common. Here are 5 things you should know about poison ivy, oak and sumac and pets.

Senior Dementia in Dogs
Have you noticed odd behaviors in your senior dog that you can't explain? Do dogs get Alzheimer's? Here is a list of the most common signs seen with senior dementia in dogs. Related: Senior Dementia in Cats As with all behavior changes, please see your veterinarian first to rule out a medical problem first, as many diseases can have...

Veterinary Q & A - Holiday Emergencies
Is my pet really sick, or can it wait? I don't have enough money for an emergency vet. What should you do when you suspect that your pet is ill and your vet's office is closed? Tips to help figure out the best plan of action for the health of your pet.

Senior Dementia in Cats
Do cats get Alzheimer's? Is it normal behavior for a senior cat, or is there a problem? Here is a list of the most common signs seen with senior dementia in cats. Related: Senior Dementia in Dogs As with all behavior changes, please see your veterinarian first to rule out a medical problem first, as many diseases can have the same...

What is a "reverse sneeze"?
Reverse sneezing is a fairly common respiratory event seen in dogs (rarely cats) that, while harmless, can be quite frightening for dog owners to witness. Find out what happens during reverse sneezing and what some possible causes are in this FAQ.

Retained Baby Teeth - Why does puppy has two sets of "fangs"?
Like humans, dogs and cats have baby (deciduous) teeth that are replaced by permanent teeth as they mature. In some cases, the animal will gain the permanent tooth but fail to lose the baby tooth, resulting in what is termed a "retained deciduous tooth". Find out what to do about this condition in this FAQ.

Dental Care Tips and Tools - Share your home dental care tips and tools for...
Dental Care Tips and Tools - Share your home dental care tips and tools for dog and cat dental health

Pet Dental Care Tips and Tools
It is always best to start with a visit to your veterinarian and a professional dental cleaning if needed. Your veterinarian can show you the best...

Pet Allergy Laboratory In Texas Granted USDA Approval
This press release announces the USDA (United States Department of Agriculture) approval of a pet allergy laboratory in Texas to screen allergic pets and create "allergy shots" (immunotherapy) for the lessening of allergic symptoms in pets. Learn allergy basics in this forward to the press release.

Tips for Exercising with Dogs and Cats
In a 2010 study on pet obesity , only 35% of dogs were considered to be "normal" weight. Of the remainder, 5% were underweight and a full 60%...

Hyperthyroidism in Cats
The thyroid is responsible for metabolism. Hyperthyroidism is when the thyroid, a butterfly-shaped gland located in the lower neck, begins producing too much thyroid hormone. In cats, this is most often due to a tumor. Hyperthyroidism is common in middle-aged and senior cats. The signs of hyperthyroidism may be confused with other diseases....

Hyperthyroidism in Cats - Tell us about your hyperthyroid cat
Hyperthyroidism is a common disease of middle-aged and senior cats. The most striking sign is weight loss despite increased (sometimes ravenous) appetite. Once a cat is diagnosed with hyperthyroidism, there are three treatment options. The "best" option depends on overall health and what is affordable for the client. Please share your cat's...

Seizures and Epilepsy in Dogs and Cats - living with a pet who has seizures
Seizures may be caused by numerous things: poisons, skull injury, brain tumor, viral and bacterial infections, congenital malformations, heat stroke, parasites, fungal infections, low blood sugar (diabetics), and so on. By doing a physical exam and blood work, most causes can be eliminated. Seizures where a cause cannot be determined are termed...

Causes and Symptoms of Arthritis in Cats
Arthritis in cats is a frequent cause of pain, especially in older cats. It is important to be able to recognize the signs of arthritis in your cat so that you know whether treatment is necessary. Left untreated, the pain caused by feline arthritis can cause a decline in your cat's health and quality of life.

Arthritis in Dogs and Cats - Share signs seen and tips to keep arthritic pets...
Arthritis is a disease that can affect any joint causing pain and discomfort. Dogs and cats who suffer from arthritis may be slow to get up or lay down, reluctant to go up or down stairs, or resist being picked up or handled. Have you noticed signs of arthritis in your pet? What sign(s) did you notice first? Did you visit your vet to help keep...

Hot Spots in Dogs
A hot spot is a localized area of skin inflammation and infection. These inflamed areas are itchy, painful, and can occur within hours. Read this FAQ to learn how to cool them down.

Diabetes Mellitus in the Dog
Diabetes mellitus can affect dogs and causes an increase in the blood sugar level that usually needs to be managed with insulin. Learn more about the causes and symptoms of canine diabetes mellitus.

Diagnosing Canine and Feline Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes mellitus is common in both dogs and cats. Learn about the different diagnostic tests that are used to diagnose canine and feline diabetes mellitus.

Farnam Introduces Bite Free™ Granular Larvicide for Mosquito Control - Kill Mosquitoes Before They Hatch
In this press release from Farnam Companies, Inc., learn about a new product that stops the mosquito life cycle where it begins; the larval stage that matures in areas of standing water (ponds, lakes, even bird baths and pet water sources). Farnam reports that this product is safe for humans, pets and livestock.

Tissumend II Sterile - Sterile Tissue Adhesive For Internal Tissue Surgery
New product announcement - Tissumend II Sterile, by Veterinary Products Laboratories (VPL), the first and only sterile synthetic absorbable tissue adhesive that effectively closes surgical wounds and internal tissues.

VPL introduces a MicroDose™ Syringe applicator for Tissumend™II
Veterinary Products Laboratories (VPL) has introduced an easier way to apply its patented Tissumend™II--the only synthetic, absorbable surgical tissue adhesive available to veterinarians with the new MicroDose™ syringe.

Hot Spot Prevention Tips
Hot spots, also known as pyotraumatic dermatitis, are areas of skin inflammation due to self-trauma from chewing, licking and biting. This causes damage to the skin, leading to infection (dermatitis), which in turn causes pain, sensitivity and more itching. Some dogs are more prone to hot spots than others. In addition to treating the problem at...

Epulis - A Common Growth in Dog Mouths
Epulis is a common tumor in dogs' mouths, occurring along the gum line. Surgical removal is best, and easiest, when the lump is small. While these tumors may recur locally, they do not spread to other areas of the body.

Holiday Hazards - String Things
Pets are naturally curious, and the "newness" of holiday decorations, gifts, and toys (even those intended for pets) can be enticing to check out, or chew up. This Quick Tip is a reminder of items that pose a hazard for a condition known as a linear foreign body.

My Dog Isn't Herself

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