Veterinary Medicine: Most Popular Articles
Fleas have a complex, 4 stage life cycle. Control of fleas on your pet and in your home must address all stages of this life cycle to stop the problem of flea infestation. This article will cover several different methods that are effective at controlling fleas when used properly.
Dogs licking their paws is a common complaint. Is this a medical problem or a behavioral one? How can I stop this often annoying activity? Learn the answers to these questions and more in this FAQ.
When a dog is in pain, owners are eager to give medication to ease that pain, but giving human medications such as aspirin or Tyelenol® to pets can cause more problems than it cures. Learn why in this article.
A hot spot is a localized area of skin inflammation and infection. These inflamed areas are itchy, painful, and can occur within hours. Read this FAQ to learn how to cool them down.
Keeping chickens for eggs and as pets is popular in both rural and in urban areas. I have kept chickens and geese as pets for 17 years and never tire of watching them root around the yard. I have been asked many times if hens will lay eggs without a rooster around. Do they? How often do they lay eggs? This FAQ addresses these questions and looks at some other interesting chicken egg facts.
Dealing with head lice is something most school officials and some parents are familiar with. Is the family dog at risk if the kids have lice? Did the kids catch lice from the cat? A lice parasite infection is termed pediculosis, no matter what species of animal is affected by lice. Read this FAQ to find out more about lice; a class of ectoparasites that affect many animals, including humans.
Flies, mosquitoes, gnats and other flying, biting insects can and do bite pets. Learn how to safely use insect repellents for pets and how to reduce your pet's exposure to irritating and potentially harmful insects.
There are many ideas about the best way to remove a tick, one of the most common tricks being to light a match, blow it out, and put the hot tip on the tick to make the tick
Unlike dogs, cats do not cycle only two times a year (on average), they go into heat often if not spayed. Also unlike their canine counterparts, cats are induced ovulators -- they do not ovulate unless they are mated. Find out more in this FAQ on feline estrus.
Diatomaceous Earth (DE) is a fine flour-like powder, the microscopic remains of fossilized diatoms, a type of algae. Diatom cell walls are made of silica, a component of glass. DE has been used for years as an insecticide to control mites, fleas and other insects; find out how it works here.
Fleas are bothersome to humans as well as pets. They may also carry diseases. To fully tackle a flea problem, it is important to know the flea life cycle and treat not only the pet but also the pet's environment. Learn some interesting facts about fleas and the recommended methods for controlling and eradicating fleas in your home in this article. Page 2.
: My dog's nose is dry. Is he sick? Learning to observe what is normal and and what is not in patients
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What is a "normal" body temperature for your dog? How many teeth do dogs have as puppies and adults?
Can Benadryl® also be used for allergic reactions in pets? This is a common question for many pet owners. This FAQ offers general information about Benadryl® also known as Diphenhydramine Hydrochloride.
Many people are surprised to hear that the vast majority of calico cats are female. Why is this? Is it possible for a calico cat to ever be male? Learn about the genetics of coat color in this feline FAQ.
Chin acne is a common skin condition in cats. It may be seen as barely noticeable comedomes (blackheads), to severely inflamed and draining pustules. Some cats are not seemingly bothered, and some are very itchy and painful. Learn more about this condition and how it is treated in this FAQ.
Most people are aware of the dangers of feeding pets a diet of table scraps that are high in fat (trimmings, gravy, etc.), especially pets who do not consume table scraps on a regular basis. This FAQ addresses feeding pets corn on the cob, which may seem like a healthy alternative, but real dangers exist and this food item is not recommended for pets.
Hemorrhagic GastroEnteritis (HGE) in dogs is a sudden-onset episode of vomiting and diarrhea, often very bloody in nature. The exact cause is unknown, but there are many theories: diet, a bacterial infection or bacterial toxin, virus, reaction to an intestinal parasite, etc. Stress may play a role in the development of HGE. This disease may affect any breed, gender, and age. Quick veterinary treatment and supportive care is often essential for recovery.
Have you noticed odd behaviors in your senior dog that you can't explain? Do dogs get Alzheimer's? Here is a list of the most common signs seen with senior dementia in dogs. As with all behavior changes, please see your veterinarian first to rule out a medical problem, as many diseases can have the same signs.
Fleas. They make pets' lives miserable, and humans begin to itch just at the thought of them. Vets are often asked what pill, drop, dip, collar, or shampoo works the best to get rid of these persistent parasites. The answer is that there is no single method or insecticide that will completely eradicate (or at least control) a flea problem. The flea life cycle is fairly complex, and understanding the various stages will make it easier to get rid of them.
ABout parvovirus in dogs, including risk factors, signs, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prevention.
A list of questions and answers from a veterinary expert about Lipomas (fatty tumors) in dogs and cats.
No matter what age your pet is, a noticeable increase in water intake (drinking) or urination often means there is an underlying medical problem. Also, a change in urinary habits, such as urinating in the house or where the pet sleeps, increased urge to urinate, or very dilute urine needs to be evaluated as soon as possible. One exception for loss of house training would be a senior pet with dementia, but other more common medical conditions must be ruled out first.
This question is from a viewer asking what to expect as his dog grows older.
Lyme disease is caused by a bacteria called Borrelia burgdorferi and is spread by ticks. Learn about the risk factors, signs, diagnosis and prevention of Lyme disease in dogs and people.
About Hookworms in dogs, including risk factors, signs, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prevention.
Kidney failure can occur in both dogs and cats. Learn about the sometimes subtle changes seen with kidney disease and when it is time to visit the vet.
Just like human children, puppies and kittens lose their baby teeth. These teeth are also called
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Tapeworms are a very common parasite of dogs and cats. Most commonly transmitted by fleas, this parasite is also transmissible to humans who accidentally eat an infected flea (i.e. infants and children). Treatment for tapeworm infection in pets is easy if the correct drug is used.
Do cats get Alzheimer's? Is it normal behavior for a senior cat, or is there a problem? Here is a list of the most common signs seen with senior dementia in cats.
About ear mites in cats and dogs, including risk factors, signs, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prevention.
This FAQ is taken from the Veterinary Medicine forum, where NIGHTSTARR1221 asks:
Dogs, whether just curious or in wrong place at the wrong time, can have medical issues that arise from startled skunks.
Your dog barks frantically, and zooms off before you can react. Then you smell it. Skunk! Learn about skunks, why and how they spray, and what to do if you get skunked.
Demodex mites are microscopic normal inhabitants of dog skin. The mites are few in number and do not cause skin or health problems. In some cases though, the mites can take over, leading to a condition commonly called
Seizures are one of the most common neurological problems seen in dogs. Know what to watch for when a seizure is an emergency.
I used the Thundershirt on my dog Sophie, who has a moderate loud noise phobia. This product is based in part on the work by Temple Grandin, noted author, Doctor of Animal Science, and professor at Colorado State University. The thought is that gentle pressure provided by this shirt calms the nervous system. Does it work? I tried it on my own dog Sophie, who suffers from loud noise phobias.
This Frequently Asked Question (FAQ) is from Margaret.
About Ehrlichiosis in dogs, including risk factors, signs, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prevention.
Dogs and cats do not suffer the allergenic effects of poison ivy, sumac or oak like humans do, but they can transmit the oil of these plants to humans on their hair. This means that your pet can bring you poison ivy (and related) even though you haven't been in the woods. The oil responsible for the rashes and blisters that humans get is very hardy and long-lived. Here are some tips for getting rid of it on your pets.
How long is a dog pregnant for? Do female dogs experience menopause? What health benefits can be gained from spaying (ovariohysterectomy) surgery? Learn the answers to these questions and more in this FAQ.
About kennel cough in dogs, including causes, risk factors, signs and symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of kennel cough by vaccination.
About distemper in dogs, including risk factors, signs, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prevention.
Ivermectin is used in dogs and cats to treat a variety of parasitic diseases. It is also a popular heartworm prevention medicine. Learn about the safety and side effects of ivermectin for dogs and cats.
About Roundworms in dogs, including risk factors, signs, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prevention.
Traveling with a cat isn't impossible, it just takes a little preparation and planning. Here are some tips for a smooth trip.
Diazepam (Valium®) is used for several purposes in dogs and cats. Read about the usages and the potential side effects of diazepam for dogs and cats.
About Roundworms in cats, including risk factors, signs, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prevention.
Parasites come in many sizes, shapes and levels of
Having to make the decision to end a pet's life is never easy. Here are some things to consider when evaluating your pet's quality of life.
Pet parasites - all about fleas: life cycle information and how to get rid of fleas on your pet and in your home.
Can you spay a dog or cat in heat (Estrus)? Find the answer here.
One little potato chip isn't going to hurt your dog or cat, but there are plenty of other human foods that can. Here are some foods to avoid, and some safe foods that can be used as treats.
Torn Toenail First Aid. Toenail injuries are fairly common in dogs and cats, and may occur while playing, exercising or while the nails are being trimmed. Learn how to take care of an injured toenail in a dog or cat: safely stop bleeding, trim the torn nail, and proper aftercare precautions.
How to get the most out of a flea bath, the start of a good flea control program. Not every itchy dog (or cat) has fleas, though. Be sure to consult with your veterinarian if your pet is itching or has inflamed skin before initiating treatment or special shampoos.
Each cat, like each human, is different. Here are some general things to watch for as a cat ages.
Guest author Marjorie Zimmerman discusses the stages of canine Degenerative Myelopathy in this piece.
A common question (and worry) of cat owners relates to black spots that appear with age on the nose and lips of orange tabby and calico cats.
Itching, scratching, and hair loss are very common problems for many pets, both dogs and cats. Fleas, allergies, parasites and immune problems are often to blame. A thorough veterinary examination is in order to find the problem and the inciting cause. Here are some answers to common itchy skin and hair loss questions.
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Gabapentin can be used in dogs and cats to relieve pain and treat seizures. Learn about the uses of gabapentin in dogs and cats and how it can be used to treat seizures and/or pain.
People are realizing dangers of sun exposure. Now this sun care attention is turning to our pets. White animals and those that have a summer hair cut or with naturally thin (or nonexistent!) hair coats are particularly sensitive to the sun, and may suffer the same ills as humans: sunburn and skin cancers. This Quick Tip offers ideas and cautions for protecting your pet on those sunny days.
About Leptospirosis in dogs, including risk factors, signs, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prevention.
Hot pavement and metal surfaces are hard for dogs to avoid in summer. Learn how to recognize symptoms of burned pads and follow tips to minimize risk.
My pet is sick and I can't afford to go to the vet - Ideas and (possible options) for sick pets in financially tough times
Why are some rabies vaccines good for 1 year and some for 3? Find out in this FAQ.
Parvovirus infection is a serious disease that affects the gasstrointestinal or cardiac systems of dogs. Parvo is a highly contagious and often sudden viral disease; puppies are particularly susceptible. Learn about the clinical signs, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of Parvo in this article.
Poison ivy, poison oak and poison sumac are found in various combinations in wooded areas throughout North America (except Alaska and Hawaii). All of these plants contain a resin oil that for some individuals is highly allergenic. This oil is absorbed rapidly through the skin, producing intensely itchy and blistered lesions in susceptible individuals. Do dogs and cats get poison ivy? Can they spread poison ivy to humans? Learn more about these plants and pets in this FAQ.
Parasites come in many sizes, shapes and levels of "severity" for our pets. This collection of parasites
Watching your dog or cat have a seizure is a frightening experience. Learn how to take care of your dog or cat if he does have a seizure.
I tried out the DAP (Dog Appeasing Pheromone) calming collar for dogs on my own dog, Sophie, who suffers from noise phobia and separation anxiety. Here are my findings.
Your otherwise healthy dog can't lift his tail all of the way. What happened? Is this an emergency? Read this FAQ to find out more about this fairly common tail occurrence of large breed dogs.
Lilies are bold, beautiful, fragrant and... poisonous to cats. What makes lilies poisonous is unknown, but it is known that the toxin is deadly.
About Upper Respiratory Infections in cats, including risk factors, signs, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prevention.
Epulis is a common tumor in dogs' mouths, occurring along the gum line. Surgical removal is best, and easiest, when the lump is small. While these tumors may recur locally, they do not spread to other areas of the body.
About Cheyletiella in cats and dogs, including risk factors, signs, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prevention.
About puppy vaginitis, including signs, symptoms, diagnosis, and care.
Pets may also find discarded cigarette or cigar butts, nicotine patches, nicotine gum, e-cigarettes, and chewing tobacco and give them a taste test. All of these products contain nicotine, which can cause illness and even death in fairly small amounts.
Here is a collection of
Yeast and bacterial infections can contribute to dermatitis in dogs and cats. Treatment of yeast and bacterial infections in dogs and cats involves anti-fungal medications and antibiotics, respectively.
Furosemide (Lasix®) is used in dogs and cats to treat congestive heart failure and other causes of fluid build-up in the lungs and elsewhere. Learn more about how and when furosemide is used to treat dogs and cats.
Cat owners should know the symptoms of ear infections and monitor their cat for them. Learn the symptoms of feline ear infections and find out what your veterinarian might need to do to diagnose an ear infection for your cat.
Vetericyn® is a non-toxic, non-irritating treatment for use on all animals. It is a broad-spectrucm antibacterial, antiviral and antifungal agent and does not harm healthy tissue. Learn more about the use of Vetericyn® for wounds and topical infections.
A friend of mine purchased some tapeworm medicine to deworm her cat. She noted that only one dose was needed, unlike the dewormer medication used for other types of worms (roundworms, hookworms, etc.). Was the tapeworm medicine a different dose? Why is only one dose needed? Learn more about tapeworm treatment in this FAQ.
It may be tempting to give extra treats to pets, but caution is advised -- Pancreatitis and other stomach/gut upsets can occur, leading to a trip to the vet in some cases. Pancreatitis can also occur without a known history of fatty food ingestion. Learn about the risk factors of over-indulgence for pets and pancreatitis in general.
Many people ask why their dog eats grass. The reasons can vary from they like the taste to possibly an empty or upset stomach.
One of the most common questions and concerns about parvovirus is how long it lasts and how to disinfect the environment. This is especially important if a new puppy will be brought into a possibly contaminated area. Read this FAQ to learn about disinfecting against parvovirus.
Arthritis in cats can be treated using several different treatment options. Arthritis in cats in a painful disease and successful treatment methods must relieve the pain caused by feline arthritis.
Seizures in dogs can occur for many different reasons. Explore the various causes of canine seizures.
Questions about pet odors are common. Often a bad smell indicates a problem or disease process, but not always. What should you do if you notice that your dog's feet have an odor, often described as smelling like corn chips or old popcorn? Is this something to worry about? Read this FAQ to find out more about what is commonly termed
Many dog owners have been startled to find a wet spot on the floor or bed after a pet gets up after a nap. The dog is usually feeling fine otherwise and may not seem to notice the leakage. Learn more about this common senior canine finding.
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As these plants dry out and the barbed seed pods begin to scatter, this can mean trouble for pets who get them caught in paws, eyes nostrils and embedded in fur and skin. Learn what what to watch for and how to prevent problems.
Questions about cherry eye are common on this site. Dog owners notice a
About Lyme Disease in cats, including risk factors, signs, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prevention.
Porcupines and skunks are primarily nocturnal animals that unleash nasty surprises on unsuspecting dogs. Skunk spray is mostly annoying, although may have health effects at close range. Porcupines, on the other hand, have a much more serious weapon: quills. Porcupine quills are commonly found embedded in the dog's muzzle, face, head and neck, but can be found anywhere. The trouble is, quills keep moving inward. Learn more about what you need to do if your dog is
A Cuterebra parasite is an opportunistic parasite found under the skin of small mammals. This parasite is the larval stage of the Cuterebra fly, who uses animal hosts to complete its life cycle. Learn more about this parasite most commonly seen in summer and fall in this FAQ.
Some changes are to be expected with old age, some are not. Learn to watch for, and differentiate between, normal and possible medical problems for your senior dog.
The Declaw Dilemma - What is involved in a declaw surgery for cats? Learn what is involved with this controversial surgery - there are a few different surgical techniques. Learn more about alternatives to declawing.
Common eye diseases of dogs, including Cherry Eye, Eyelash Problems, Entropion. If your dog is pawing at, rubbing or shows signs of pain or irritation around the eyes, seek veterinary help as soon as possible, as eye conditions can change quickly.
What is a normal temperature for a cat? How many teeth do they have? Learn these facts and more about Cat Normals.
Arthritis in cats is a frequent cause of pain, especially in older cats. It is important to be able to recognize the signs of arthritis in your cat so that you know whether treatment is necessary. Left untreated, the pain caused by feline arthritis can cause a decline in your cat's health and quality of life.
About feline infectious peritonitis (FIP) in cats, including risk factors, signs, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prevention.
The type of grape doesn't seem to matter, and the toxic amount may be a small serving to several ounces. Read this FAQ to learn what is known about this mystery toxin and to safeguard your pets from accidental poisoning.
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Soft tissue swelling in an animal's paw may mean a few things: insect bite or sting, infection and abscession, or blunt tissue damage. First question to ask: is the paw painful? Learn more in this FAQ.
A viewer asks:. Veterinary Medicine.
Ringworm derives its name from the classic red, round
Elizabethan collars, or more commonly known as e-collars, are often used in veterinary medicine and sometimes referred to as a cone, lampshade, or
A viewer who recently moved to Arizona asked about her pet cats and scorpions. What are the effects of a sting, and what should she do in the event of a scorpion sting? I can't classify this as a
Cancer is an unfortunately common disease of dogs. For dogs over 10 years of age, approximately 50% of deaths are cancer-related. Like humans, there are many types of cancers and many clinical signs seen. The causes of these cancers are largely unknown, making prevention difficult. Being aware of possible signs of cancer in pets will help provide early detection and care.
Most veterinarians send home printed handouts after an anesthetic procedure detailing the pet's post-procedure care. This is helpful because in the busy discharge time of most clinics, coupled with excitement at seeing their pet, many owners don't hear all of the details or think of questions until after they are home. This article discusses general post-procedure care. Please call your veterinarian with specific questions about your pet's recovery.
Dogs with diabetes mellitus require a strictly controlled diet. Find out what, when and how to feed a dog with diabetes.
Like humans, dogs and cats have baby (deciduous) teeth that are replaced by permanent teeth as they mature. In some cases, the animal will gain the permanent tooth but fail to lose the baby tooth, resulting in what is termed a
Arthritis in dogs is painful and the pain can be relieved with many different treatment options. Learn what options may be available for your arthritic dog.
You take your male dog in to be neutered, and after he is back home, it appears that the testicles are still there. Or are they? Learn the answer to this common question, why it may happen, and if you should be concerned.
Veterinary Q & A - Itching, Scratching, and Hair Loss. Why is my cat going bald? What is the cause, and what is the treatment? Find out possible causes in this FAQ.
Seizures are often scary to witness. What should you do if you suspect that your pet has had a seizure? What are the treatment options and prognosis? When are seizures an emergency? Learn the answers to these questions and more in this FAQ article.
Cats are not small dogs. Cats metabolize drugs such as aspirin very differently than dogs or humans. Find out why aspirin should not be given to cats in this FAQ.
Phenobarbital is commonly used to treat seizures and epilepsy in dogs and cats. Learn how phenobarbital works in dogs and cats. Find out the benefits and possible side effects of using phenobarbital for your dog or cat.
Spaying (ovariohysterectomy) in Dogs and Cats - learn about spay surgery in dogs and cats
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Dogs and cats cool off by panting and have little choice when it comes to keeping cool in summer heat. Know the signs of heatstroke. Time is of the essence when treating this condition.
Cats may be stressed by many things. Just what stresses cats out is not always obvious, and stress may manifest in many forms. Read this article to learn about cat stress and find out ways to keep your cat calm.
Kidney failure in dogs and cats is commonly seen. Kidney failure is especially common in older dogs and cats but can occur in dogs and cats of any age.
The symptoms of heart disease in dogs are a result of heart failure. Learn to recognize the signs of canine heart disease and heart failure.
Phenobarbital is the medication that is most commonly used to treat seizures and epilepsy in dogs and cats. There are other medications for canine and feline seizures too. Learn more about traditional and newer seizure control medications.
Ivermectin in dogs and cats is used for many different purposes. It is also used at many different dosages depending on the reason for treatment. Learn more about the uses of ivermectin in dogs and cats.
Urinary problems in dogs are common. Signs can range from barely noticeable to unable to urinate (this is an emergency). Some urinary problems are the result of other diseases, such as diabetes with increased urination as the most common first sign. Other problems may be the result of stones or tumors in the bladder; causing abnormal urination habits, blood in the urine and urinary tract infections. If your pet has changes in urinary habits, please see your veterinarian as soon as possible.
Veterinary Questions and Answers Archive - Veterinary Medicine
Guest Author Dr. Beatrix Nanai, a veterinary neurosurgeon in Miami, Florida discusses spinal disc disease diagnosis and treatment. This is a common health problem in small breed dogs. Learn more about diagnosis and surgical treatment for this condition.
Veterinary Questions and Answers About Neutering (Castration) in Dogs and Cats
This question comes up fairly often, do dogs go through menopause? This, and a few other questions about canine reproductive health are answered here.
Pets itch, scratch, bite, and lick themselves for many reasons. Some of the more common itch-inciting causes include: skin parasites, bacterial or fungal skin infections, stress or boredom, contact irritants and inhalant allergies. This FAQ examines inhalant allergies, otherwise known as atopy.
If your pet has a clean bill of health, but showing behavioral signs of
Catnip is a plant that is part of the mint family and known by cat lovers as a common
Adding a new kitten to the family is always exciting. Sometimes it is a pre-planned and highly anticipated event, sometimes it is a spontaneous adoption-rescue. Either way, along with shopping for all of the new necessary items like food, dishes and litter boxes, be sure to schedule in some time for that first vet check. The earlier, the better.
It's safe to say that most cats don't travel by car very often. The most common car trip is usually to the vet, and that event causes enough anxiety by itself. Getting stressed out by the car ride to the vet may make it difficult to tell what is
Heart disease in dogs is common. Dogs with heart disease and heart failure may cough, tire easily, and have a loss of appetite. Learn to recognize the signs of heart problems in dogs, various causes, diagnostic and treatment options, and how to manage your heart patient dog at home.
Also known as Fortekor® or Lotensin®, it is used in pets to treat various conditions. Learn more about the potential uses and possible side effects
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Common questions about Ear Infections, Ear Mites and Aural Hematomas in dogs and cats.
Questions about itching, scratching, fleas, allergies and hair loss in pets are among the most common questions asked of veterinarians. Here are some answers.
Pinworms are a common parasite in people, particularly in children. Often, the family pet gets blamed for the disease. But is your dog or cat really the culprit? Can dogs and cats pass pinworms to people?
Some changes are to be expected with old age, some are not. Learn to watch for, and differentiate between, normal and possible medical problems for your senior cat.
Flies are common in the warmer months, and lay eggs in dead tissue/rotting material, and the eggs develop into larvae that need to eat. They larvae eat the dead and rotting tissue, and look like small, white grub worms. They appear quite fast (8-12 hours), and will eat away tissue on your pet if the right conditions are present. Learn how to prevent this undesirable condition in your pet.
Poisonings in Pets: Learn the signs of poisoning, what to do, and what substances are poisonous to pets.
Macadamia nuts are toxic to some dogs. Like raisins and grapes (also toxic), the toxin and mechanism of action are not known at this time. Another similarity is that sensitivity to macadamia nuts appears to vary between dogs as does the amount of nuts that cause a toxic reaction. Learn about this common food toxicity, the signs seen and what to do if your dog ingests macadamia nuts in this FAQ.