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Diseases & Conditions - Dogs

Diseases and conditions of dogs; organized by body system. Learn about diseases of the muscles, heart, eyes, immune, gastrointestinal, and more. Please see All Disease & Parasite FAQs for additional articles on a variety of topics.
  1. Canine Reproduction
  2. Dog Health FAQs (284)
  3. The Viewer Viewpoint - Dogs (10)

Jennifer A. Adler MSc VMD ACVIM Answers Viewer Questions - Part 2
In this segment, Dr. Adler answers questions concerning bladder infections, urinary stones, recurrent and chronic ear infections, and HGE (Hemorrhagic Gastroenteritis).

Jennifer A. Adler MSc VMD ACVIM Answers Viewer Questions - Part 1
Veterinary Internal Medicine Specialist, Dr. Jennifer Adler, answers viewer questions about heart problems in Japanese Chin dogs and offers tips to stop indoor urine marking by a male dog.

ACVO®/Merial® National Service Dog Eye Exam
May 2012 is the 5th annual ACVO®/Merial® National Service Dog Eye Exam. Veterinary Ophthalmologists around the US and Puerto Rico offer free eye exams for working service dogs and other service animals. Since the Service Dog Eye Exam event started in 2008, more than 10,500 service animals have been examined. To learn more about this event, I...

Corneal Ulcers
Corneal ulcers are a common problem in dogs and cats. This painful condition has numerous causes. Quick diagnosis and treatment is essential to prevent additional eye damage. Learn about corneal ulcers, potential causes, diagnosis, treatment options and care for animals with corneal ulcers.

Parvovirus Infection in Dogs
Parvovirus infection is a serious disease that affects the gasstrointestinal or cardiac systems of dogs. Parvo is a highly contagious and often sudden viral disease; puppies are particularly susceptible. Learn about the clinical signs, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of Parvo in this article.

Treating Herniated Spinal Disks in Small Breed Dogs
Guest Author Dr. Beatrix Nanai, a veterinary neurosurgeon in Miami, Florida discusses spinal disk disease diagnosis and treatment. This is a common health problem in small breed dogs. Learn more about diagnosis and surgical treatment for this condition.

Epulis - A Common Growth in Dog Mouths
Epulis is a common tumor in dogs' mouths, occurring along the gum line. Surgical removal is best, and easiest, when the lump is small. While these tumors may recur locally, they do not spread to other areas of the body.

Canine Influenza Disease and Vaccination - H3N8 Virus
The canine H3N8 virus, also called Canine Influenza Virus (CIV), is a relatively new influenza virus in dogs.

Heartworm Incidence Prevention and Treatment
Information gathered about heartworms, prevention and treatment has grown considerably over the last 20 years. In this interview, Dr. Wallace Graham, 2011 president of the American Heartworm Society, brings us up to date on the latest heartworm incidence reports, treatment guidelines and prevention of heartworm in dogs and cats.

Ear Infections in Dogs and Cats
Ear infections are common problems for both dogs and cats. Common causes of ear problems in pets include parasites (ear mites), fungal, bacterial agents and foreign bodies (foxtails). Learn what to watch for and how to prevent ear infections in dogs and cats.

Glossary Term: Otitis Externa
Many vets can diagnose this condition with one quick whiff of the nose upon entering the exam room. What is otitis externa, and how can you help your pet if s/he suffers from this condition?

Preventing Ear Infections in Dogs
Ear infections are irritating and sometimes painful for your dog so prevention is preferable, if possible. Learn some tips to help you keep your dog free of ear infections.

Treatment of Otitis and Ear Infections in Dogs
Otitis and ear infections in dogs can have many different causes and, in order to be successful, treatment of the ear disease must be based on the cause. Learn about the treatment options for canine otitis and ear infections.

Leptospirosis in Dogs and People
Leptospirosis is a contagious bacterial disease that can infect both dogs and people. Learn how to keep your dogs and family safe.

Causes of Ear Infections and Otitis in Dogs
Ear infections and otitis in dogs are common and there are many different potential causes. Learn more about the things that cause canine ear problems.

Symptoms and Diagnosis of Otitis in Dogs
Ear infections and otitis are both very common in dogs. Learn to recognize the symptoms of canine ear infections and otitis and how the problem is diagnosed.

Signs Seen with Diabetes Mellitus in Dogs and Cats
Some of the signs seen with diabetes mellitus may be explained as 'getting older' or 'it's hot outside,' but these are signs that shouldn't be ignored. The onset of signs may be gradual and hard to notice at first. Learn to recognize the signs of diabetes mellitus and contact your veterinarian as soon as signs are noticed.

Ear Hematomas in Dogs and Cats
An ear hematoma is an uncomfortable situation for a dog or cat. Learn about the potential causes and the treatment options for canine and feline auricular hematomas.

Glossary Term: Pyotraumatic Dermatitis
Pyotraumatic Dermatitis is more common than you think, especially in dogs. This condition can be seen at any time, but more commonly seen in the warmer months. What does this term mean, and what are the clinical signs seen with this condition?

Can Dogs with Diabetes Be Treated Without Insulin Injections?
Dogs with diabetes are most frequently treated with insulin injections. However, many dog owners would prefer not to give their dog daily injections. Are there alternatives for diabetic dogs besides insulin injections?

How to Feed a Dog with Diabetes
Dogs with diabetes mellitus require a strictly controlled diet. Find out what, when and how to feed a dog with diabetes.

Canine and Feline Diabetes - The Somogyi Effect
For dogs and cats with diabetes, overdosage of insulin can lead to a phenomenon known as Somogyi effect. Learn how and why blood glucose levels can actually end up too high in diabetic dogs and cats overdosed with insulin.

Can Feline Diabetes Be Cured?
Feline diabetes is a common endocrine disease in cats. However, if your cat is diagnosed with diabetes mellitus early in the course of disease, it is possible for your cat to go into remission and not require insulin injections or other medications any longer.

Monitoring a Dog or Cat with Diabetes
Canine and feline diabetes are both serious diseases in the dog and cat respectively. If your pet has diabetes, he will need to be monitored closely. Learn the basics of how dogs and cats with diabetes are monitored, including the testing that is used to evaluate health and progress.

Can Canine Diabetes Be Cured?
Canine diabetes mellitus is a serious disease and is frequently diagnosed in dogs. Although diabetes mellitus can be controlled for your dog, usually through periodic insulin injections, treatment for dogs with diabetes mellitus is usually lifelong and it is unlikely that your dog will ever be cured of the disease.

Treating Canine Diabetes Mellitus
Canine diabetes mellitus is one of the most commonly diagnosed endocrine diseases in the dog. Learn about the basics of treating a dog for diabetes.

Treating Feline Diabetes Mellitus
Feline diabetes mellitus is a serious and potentially life-threatening disease. Learn about the basics of treating a cat with diabetes.

Hypoglycemia and the Diabetic Dog or Cat
Hypoglycemia is a potential complication of both canine and feline diabetes mellitus. Learn about the symptoms and causes of hypoglycemia in diabetic dogs and cats as well as how to treat it.

How to Do a Blood Glucose Curve for Your Diabetic Dog or Cat
For a diabetic dog or cat, a blood glucose curve is an essential part of evaluating their progress and health. Learn how to perform a blood glucose curve at home for your dog or cat with diabetes.

Ear Mites
About ear mites in cats and dogs, including risk factors, signs, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prevention.

Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes mellitus is a common disease of dogs and cats. Diabetes mellitus occurs when insulin-secreting cells of the pancreas are destroyed and the body is no longer able to regulate glucose (sugar). This results in high levels of glucose in the blood and urine. Learn more about diabetes mellitus in dogs and cats and how this disease is...

Safety and Side Effects of Ivermectin in Dogs and Cats
Ivermectin is used in dogs and cats to treat a variety of parasitic diseases. It is also a popular heartworm prevention medicine. Learn about the safety and side effects of ivermectin for dogs and cats.

Veterinary Q & A: Pancreatitis in Dogs and Cats
It's that time of year again - holiday feasts and yummy treats start to appear everywhere. It is tempting to give extra treats to pets too, but caution is advised -- Pancreatitis and other stomach/gut upsets can occur, leading to a trip to the vet in some cases. Pancreatitis can also occur without a known history of fatty food ingestion. Learn...

Using Ivermectin in Dogs and Cats
Ivermectin in dogs and cats is used for many different purposes. It is also used at many different dosages depending on the reason for treatment. Learn more about the uses of ivermectin in dogs and cats.

Diabetes - Living With A Diabetic Dog Or Cat
The diagnosis of diabetes can be daunting. For many people, monitoring blood glucose and giving daily insulin injections to their pets seems like mission impossible. After some time and practice though, managing your diabetic patient can become second nature. What stories and tips can you share with others who live with diabetic pets,...

Benazepril in Dogs and Cats
Benazepril, also known as Fortekor® or Lotensin®, is used in dogs and cats to treat various conditions. Learn more about the potential uses and possible side effects of benazepril in dogs and cats.

Enalapril (Enacard®, Vasotec®) in Dogs and Cats
Enalapril (Enacard®, Vasotec®), an ACE (angiotensin converting enzyme) inhibitor, is used to treat dogs and cats with heart disease, kidney disease and high blood pressure. Learn more about the usages and potential side effects of enalapril in dogs and cats.

Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA) - A Congenital Heart Disease of Dogs
Heart disease in dogs can have many causes. Patent ductus arteriosus is the most common congenital heart disease in the canine.

Pimobendan (Vetmedin®) in Dogs and Cats
Pimobendan (Vetmedin®)is used in dogs and in cats to treat various types of heart disease. Learn more about how pimobendan can help dogs and cats with heart disease.

Furosemide (Lasix®) in Dogs and Cats
Furosemide (Lasix®) is used in dogs and cats to treat congestive heart failure and other causes of fluid build-up in the lungs and elsewhere. Learn more about how and when furosemide is used to treat dogs and cats.

Causes of Dilated Cardiomyopathy (DCM) Related Heart Disease in Dogs
Heart disease in dogs is a common diagnosis. In large breed dogs, dilated cardiomyopathy is the most common cause of heart disease. Learn more about canine dilated cardiomyopathy and what causes this heart disease in dogs.

Treatment of Heart Disease Caused by Degenerative Valve Disease in Dogs
Heart disease in dogs caused by degeneration of the mitral and/or tricuspid valves is a common diagnosis. Learn about the medications and techniques commonly used to treat valvular heart disease in dogs.

Dogs Left In Cars - Risk of Heat Stroke on Warm Days
Every year I see pets, especially dogs, left in the car while the owner "runs a quick errand" inside a store or restaurant. The windows are cracked open, the dog will be fine, right? It's only for a few minutes. Considering that the closed up car acts like a greenhouse and the inside temperatures can soar to 120F in "just a few minutes," instead...

Mitral Valve Disease - The Most Common Cause of Valvular Heart Disease in Dogs
Heart disease is common in dogs. Valvular heart disease is the most common cause of heart disease and is especially common in small breed dogs. The mitral valve is the valve of the heart that is most often affected. Learn more about mitral valve disease in dogs.

Tricuspid Valve Disease - Heart Disease Related to the Tricuspid Valve in Dogs
Though valvular heart disease in dogs is most commonly caused by mitral gland degeneration, tricuspid valve degeneration can also occur. Learn about how heart disease and heart failure can result from tricuspid valve disease in dogs and about the signs of this type of canine heart disease.

Diagnosing and Monitoring Canine Valvular Heart Disease
Canine heart disease is common and valvular heart disease is the most common cause of heart disease in dogs. Learn about the methods veterinarians use to diagnose mitral and tricuspid valve heart disease and read about ways to monitor your dog at home.

Diagnosing Dilated Cardiomyopathy and Screening Dogs for Heart Disease
Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a common heart disease in large breed dogs. Learn what techniques are used to diagnose dogs that are sick because of DCM and how healthy dogs can be screened for heart disease caused by dilated cardiomyopathy.

Treatment and Prognosis of Dilated Cardiomyopathy in Dogs
Canine dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a heart disease that affects large breed dogs most often. Learn about the treatment options for dogs that have dilated cardiomyopathy and the prognosis for dogs diagnosed with heart disease caused by DCM.

Signs of Heart Disease Caused by Dilated Cardiomyopathy (DCM) in Dogs
Dogs with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) can suffer from all of the signs of heart failure. Learn about the signs of heart disease in dogs caused by dilated cardiomyopathy.

Heartworm Disease in Dogs and Cats
Heartworm disease is caused by a parasite that lives mainly in the blood vessels of the lung and in the heart. Heartworm disease has been seen in several species, but dogs are very susceptible. Cats can be severely affected even by only a single heartworm. Heartworm disease may be fatal and difficult to treat, but fortunately heartworm disease...

Heartworm disease and treatment - share your experiences with dog and cat...
Heartworm disease is caused by a worm that lives mainly in the blood vessels of the lung and in the heart. Heartworm disease is transmitted by mosquitoes and has been seen in several species. Dogs are very susceptible and cats are at risk, too. Heartworm can be difficult to treat and sometimes fatal, but fortunately Heartworm disease is easy to...

Treatment of Heartworm Disease in Dogs - Slow Kill Versus Immiticide Treatment
Heartworm treatment in dogs is risky with any method. Learn about the relative risks of the slow kill method with monthly ivermectin-containing heartworm preventive medications versus using melarsomine (Immiticide®) to treat canine heartworm disease.

Signs of Heartworm Disease in Dogs
Canine heartworm disease is a potential cause of heart failure as well as damage to the lungs in dogs. Learn about heartworms and the signs of heartworm disease in infected dogs.

Treatment of Heartworm Disease in Dogs
Treatment of heartworm disease in dogs is possible but is not without risk. Learn about the options available for treating a dog with heartworm disease and the risks involved with treatment of canine heartworm disease.

Glossary Term: Blepharospasm
If you notice blepharospasm in your dog or cat, should you try a bland diet and wait until tomorrow? Should you be worried about convulsions? Does your pet need a warmer place to sleep? Or none of the above? Read this glossary entry to find out the meaning of this medical term.

Hot Spots in Dogs
A hot spot is a localized area of skin inflammation and infection. These inflamed areas are itchy, painful, and can occur within hours. Read this FAQ to learn how to cool them down.

Valvular Heart Disease in Dogs - The Basics of Canine Degenerative Valve Disease
The most common cause of heart disease in dogs, especially small breed dogs, is valvular heart disease. Learn how disease of the mitral and tricuspid valves of the canine heart can cause heart disease and heart failure for affected dogs.

Heartworm Disease
Learn about heartworm Disease in dogs and cats - the parasite life cycle, treatment options, clinical signs, and how to prevent this deadly parasite. Share your experiences with heartworm in dogs and cats.

Is Heart Disease the Same as Heart Failure?
Heart disease in dogs and cats is commonly diagnosed and in many cases will eventually lead to heart failure. Learn the difference between heart disease and heart failure in dogs and cats.

Treating Heart Disease and Heart Failure in Dogs and Cats
Heart disease and heart failure in dogs and cats can be quite serious. Learn about the different medications commonly used to treat heart disease and congestive heart failure for dogs and cats.

Anti-Seizure Medications
Phenobarbital is the medication that is most commonly used to treat seizures and epilepsy in dogs and cats. There are other medications for canine and feline seizures too. Learn more about traditional and newer seizure control medications.

Diazepam (Valium®) in Dogs and Cats
Diazepam (Valium®) is used for several purposes in dogs and cats. Read about the usages and the potential side effects of diazepam for dogs and cats.

Potassium Bromide (KBr) for Treating Seizures in Dogs and Cats
Seizures caused by epilepsy in dogs and cats can be treated with several different medications, including potassium bromide (KBr). Learn about how potassium bromide is used in canine and feline epilepsy, its advantages and disadvantages and potential side effects.

Zonisamide for Treating Seizures in Dogs and Cats
Zonisamide is one of the medications used to treat seizures in dogs and (less often) in cats. Learn about how zonisamide is used in dogs and cats and what the side effects of zonisamide may be in treating seizures for dogs and cats.

Seizures and Epilepsy in Dogs and Cats
Seizures are one of the most common neurological problems that are seen in both dogs and cats. Seizures have many possible causes and signs seen vary with the animal and the cause. Learn more about seizures in pets - the signs, possible causes, diagnosis and treatment options in this collection of resources.

Levetiracetam (Keppra®) in Dogs and Cats
Levetiracetam (Keppra®) is an anti-epileptic drug that can be used to treat seizures in dogs and cats. Read about how levetiracetam can help prevent seizures in dogs and cats and about the potential side effects of levetiracetam in dogs and cats as well.

Treating Canine Seizures and/or Epilepsy with Felbamate
Dogs frequently suffer from seizures and/or epilepsy. Felbamate is one of the new generation antiepileptic drugs that is being used to treat seizures in dogs. Find out more about using felbamate to treat seizures in dogs.

Phenobarbital for Treating Seizures and Epilepsy in Dogs and Cats
Phenobarbital is commonly used to treat seizures and epilepsy in dogs and cats. Learn how phenobarbital works in dogs and cats. Find out the benefits and possible side effects of using phenobarbital for your dog or cat.

Treating Canine Seizures or Epilepsy
Canine seizures or epilepsy can be treated in many different ways. Learn about the medications used to treat seizures or epilepsy in dogs.

What is Status Epilepticus and How Does It Affect Dogs and Cats
Status epilepticus is defined as a persistent state of seizure. Learn how status epilepticus can affect dogs and cats and what you should do if your dog or cat has a seizure that will not stop.

Diagnosing Seizures and Epilepsy in Dogs and Cats
Seizures are a common problem in dogs and are sometimes seen in cats also. Seizures may be due to epilepsy or to other diseases or conditions. Learn how veterinarians diagnose the cause of canine and feline seizures and/or epilepsy.

Comparing Canine and Feline Seizures to Other Diseases or Conditions
Canine and feline seizures are a common neurological occurrence. However, there are a few other diseases that can appear similar to a seizure in a dog or cat. Learn what conditions to look for and how to tell them apart from a seizure in your dog or cat.

Seizures and Epilepsy in Dogs and Cats
Seizures and epilepsy can occur in both dogs and cats. Learn how the terms seizure and epilepsy are defined and understand the difference between how the words seizures and epilepsy are used in the dog and cat.

What To Do if Your Dog or Cat Is Having a Seizure
Watching your dog or cat have a seizure is a frightening experience. Learn how to take care of your dog or cat if he does have a seizure.

Canine Seizures - Causes of Seizures in Dogs
Seizures in dogs can occur for many different reasons. Explore the various causes of canine seizures.

Canine Seizures - Types of Seizures in Dogs
Seizures can occur in dogs and can take several different forms. Learn the different types of seizures which dogs can suffer and how to recognize a canine seizure.

Heart Disease in Cats

Heart disease in cats is common, but often asymptomatic. Learn to recognize the signs of heart problems in cats, various causes, diagnostic and treatment options, and how to manage your heart patient pet at home.

Heart Disease in Dogs and Cats - Tell us about your pet's heart disease
Heart disease is common in dogs and cats. The signs can be difficult to detect at first, but coughing, exercise intolerance, and difficulty breathing are common signs of heart (and lung) problems. Some heart diseases, such as heartworm, are preventable and treatable. Some conditions (e.g.) murmurs may be a congenital problem. What signs did you...

Signs of Heart Disease in the Dog
The symptoms of heart disease in dogs are a result of heart failure. Learn to recognize the signs of canine heart disease and heart failure.

What causes a bad odor around eyes?
A viewer asks: "My Shih Tzu has an bad odor around his eyes. What causes that?" This is a common problem and one that needs daily attention to help keep odors and skin inflammation under control.

Why Does My Dog Stink?
Have you ever asked what you can do to get rid of that "doggie" odor in your pet? It may not be as simple as changing the shampoo you use. Various skin and coat conditions can cause foul odor that may or may not be helped by simply bathing your pet. This Q & A is about a smelly dog and illustrates the importance of a thorough veterinary exam to...

Diagnosing Canine and Feline Heart Disease and Heart Failure
Canine and feline heart disease is common and can be life-threatening. Learn how heart disease and heart failure is diagnosed in dogs and cats.

Heart Disease and Failure in Pets

Heart disease in pets is common. The signs range from asymptomatic (no signs) to coughing, difficulty breathing and depression. Learn to recognize the signs of heart problems in cats  dogs - various causes, diagnostic and treatment options, and how to manage your heart patient pet at home.

Hemorrhagic GastroEnteritis (HGE) in Dogs
Hemorrhagic GastroEnteritis (HGE) in dogs is a sudden-onset episode of vomiting and diarrhea, often very bloody in nature. The exact cause is unknown, but there are many theories: diet, a bacterial infection or bacterial toxin, virus, reaction to an intestinal parasite, etc. Stress may play a role in the development of HGE. This disease may...

Causes of Heart Disease in Dogs
Heart disease in dogs is common. Canine heart disease can have many different causes.

Home Care of a Dog or Cat with Heart Disease or Heart Failure
Heart disease and/or heart failure is a frightening diagnosis for a pet owner. Learn how to care for and what to watch for if your dog or cat has heart disease or is suffering from heart failure.

Frito Feet: Why do dog paws smell like Fritos, Corn Nuts or Popcorn?
Questions about pet odors are common. Often a bad smell indicates a problem or disease process, but not always. What should you do if you notice that your dog's feet have a odor, often described as smelling like corn chips or old popcorn? Is this something to worry about? Read this FAQ to find out more about "Frito Feet."

Anipryl® - Help for Senior Dogs?
If your pet has a clean bill of health, but showing behavioral signs of "old age," you may want to speak to your veterinarian about a medication called Anipryl®. This drug has been approved to help animals with cognitive dysfunction. Your results may vary, but for some animals it has worked well for dementia-related symptoms.

Veterinary Questions: Leaking Puppy
Fresh from the e-mailbox. A viewer asks: "my puppy is about 7 months old and today she came in with a leakage from her anus that is a light brown color and smells like oil, should I be concerned?"

Dental Care for Pets
Pet dental care is important for overall health. Learn about dental disease in dogs and cats, what is involved in a dental cleaning, and how to keep your pet's mouth and teeth healthy with this Veterinary Q & A.

Itching and Scratching in Dogs and Cats
Itching, scratching, fleas, allergies and hair loss are among the most common questions to veterinarians. Hair loss and scratching are very common signs that represent a multitude of possible health or parasite problems. Often the scratching, chewing and licking lead to secondary problems. Your veterinarian will need to do an examination and...

Skin Disease, Hair Loss and Scratching in Dogs and Cats
Itching, scratching, fleas, allergies and hair loss are among the most common questions to veterinarians. Hair loss and scratching are very common signs that represent a multitude of possible health or parasite problems. Often the scratching, chewing and licking lead to secondary problems. Your veterinarian will need to do an examination and...

Common Symptoms of Dog and Cat Allergies
Allergies are a common problems in dogs and cats. Allergies in dogs and cats can cause skin and ear problems as well as other symptoms.

Are grapes and raisins poisonous to pets?
Originally thought to be an urban legend, it is now known that raisins and grapes are indeed toxic to dogs. The type of grape and the type of dog doesn't seem to matter, and the toxic amount may be a small serving to several ounces. Read this FAQ to learn what is known about this mystery toxin and to safeguard your pets from accidental poisoning.

Kidney Disease in Dogs and Cats
Kidney failure, also referred to as renal failure or renal insufficiency, can occur in both dogs and cats. In a healthy animal, the kidneys filter waste products that are produced by the body. In kidney failure, these waste products are not filtered properly and start to build up in the blood stream. This is when clinical signs of kidney...

Toxic Foods - Raisins
Raisins and grapes are very toxic to dogs and possibly cats. Some dogs love eating raisins and grapes and will seek them out. Pet owners have used even raisins as a "healthy" treat for their dogs. At this point in time, the toxic factor of raisins and grapes has not been identified. It is thought to be contained in the flesh, not the seed, of...

Kidney Disease in Dogs and Cats - Tell us about your experiences with kidney...

Treating Acute Renal Failure in Dogs and Cats
Acute renal failure in dogs and cats is also known as kidney failure and it is a serious, life-threatening condition. The most important aspect of treatment for acute renal failure in dogs and cats is fluid therapy but other treatment methods are usually needed as well.

Preventing Kidney Failure in Dogs and Cats
Kidney failure in dogs and cats is a common problem. However, there are some simple precautions that can help prevent kidney failure in dogs and cats.

Treating Chronic Canine and Feline Renal Failure
Chronic canine and feline renal failure requires ongoing treatment. Learn about the options available for treating chronic canine and feline renal failure.

Testing for Canine and Feline Kidney Failure
Canine and feline kidney failure can be diagnosed using several different laboratory tests. Monitoring ongoing cases of canine and feline kidney failure is important also and involves many of the same tests used to diagnose kidney failure in the dog and cat.

Kidney Failure in Dogs and Cats
Kidney failure in dogs and cats can have many different causes. Both acute and chronic canine and feline kidney failure can occur. Common causes of kidney failure in dogs and cats include bacterial infections, immune-mediated disorders, inadequate blood flow to kidneys resulting from shock or trauma, toxins and metabolic diseases.

Greyhound Health and Wellness Program at The Ohio State University
I was fortunate to visit and spend some time at the Greyhound Health and Wellness Program at The Ohio State University. I met with the veterinary staff and interviewed program founder C. Guillermo Couto, DVM Diplomate ACVIM, to learn more about the work they do there for Greyhound health and the services they offer veterinarians and Greyhound owners worldwide. Here is my interview with Dr. Couto …

Symptoms of Kidney Failure in Dogs and Cats
Kidney failure in dogs and cats is commonly seen. Kidney failure is especially common in older dogs and cats but can occur in dogs and cats of any age. It is important that pet owners know the symptoms of kidney failure in dogs and cats so that veterinary care can be sought if the symptoms occur.

Caring for Your Arthritic Dog
Arthritic dogs need special care at home to make their lives easier and more comfortable. Find out what you can do for your arthritic dog.

Treatment Options for Arthritis in Dogs
Arthritis in dogs is painful and the pain can be relieved with many different treatment options. Normally, incorporating more than one canine arthritis medicine and/or treatment option is the best way to treat arthritis in dogs.

What are heartworms, and can I catch them from my dog?
Most pet owners have heard of heartworms. But what do heartworms look like and how are they transmitted from animal to animal? Learn the answers to these questions and more in this FAQ.

Preventing Arthritis in Dogs and Cats
Arthritis in dogs and cats may not be completely preventable. However, the most important thing that can be done to prevent arthritis in dogs and cats is to maintain an ideal body weight and ideal body condition. Obese dogs and cats are more likely to suffer the signs of arthritis.

Osteosarcoma - please share your experiences with osteosarcom…
Bone cancer, also known as osteosarcoma, is unfortunately common in dogs. It also occurs in people. Even with early diagnosis and aggressive treatment, the prognosis is poor. The first step is usually amputation of the affected limb, although newer limb-sparing technologies are being researched in addition to traditional chemotherapies. After...

Eyelash Disorders in Dogs and Cats
About eyelash disorders in dogs, including ectopic cilia, distichiasis, trichiasis. Risk factors, signs, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment are discussed.

Distemper in Dogs
About distemper in dogs, including risk factors, signs, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prevention.

Cherry eye - prolapse of the gland of the third eyelid in the dog
You notice a "cherry red" lump in the corner of your dog's eye(s) and wonder what it is and what to do about it. After a visit to the veterinarian, you learn that it is a common condition called cherry eye. Here are a collection of resources for learning more about this condition, what treatment options are available, and ways to share and interact with other people who have dogs with cherry eye.

Cherry Eye
About cherry eye, or prolapse of the gland of the third eyelid. Causes, risk factors, signs and symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and possible complications are discussed.

Parvo in dogs - Tell us about your experience with parvovirus in dogs
Parvovirus infection is a serious disease that most commonly affects the gastrointestinal system (diarrhea) or in rare cases, the cardiac systems of dogs. Parvo is a highly contagious and sudden viral disease; puppies are particularly susceptible, as are some breeds. Tell us about your experience with parvo and your dog. Please note: this is the place to share your stories. Questions will not be …

Kennel Cough in Dogs
About kennel cough in dogs, including causes, risk factors, signs and symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of kennel cough by vaccination.

Parvovirus in Dogs
ABout parvovirus in dogs, including risk factors, signs, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prevention.

Canine Flu H3N8 Vaccine - What you need to know about the dog…
The canine H3N8 flu is a relatively new influenza virus in dogs. The Canine Influenza Virus (CIV) jumped from horses to dogs in 2004; it first discovered in Greyhounds in Florida. A vaccine for this respiratory disease was conditionally approved by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) in June...

Treatment Options for Red Mange - Canine Demodex Mite (Demodicosis)
Demodex mites are microscopic normal inhabitants of dog skin. The mites are few in number and do not cause skin or health problems. In some cases though, the mites can take over, leading to a condition commonly called "mange" or demodicosis. Learn about the types of mange and various treatment options for this skin parasite.

Dental: 4th Premolar (Carnassial) Slab Fracture Tooth Extraction
The 4th premolar tooth (also known as the Carnassial tooth) is the largest tooth in the dog's mouth. It is located midway between the nose and the angle of the jaw. This is the main "chomping" tooth used for grinding up food. Dogs that like to chew may fracture a part of this tooth, which is known as a slab fracture. This is a step-by-step look at the removal of a fractured, infected 4th premolar in a 4.5 year old Corgi.

Senior Dementia in Dogs
Have you noticed odd behaviors in your senior dog that you can't explain? Do dogs get Alzheimer's? Here is a list of the most common signs seen with senior dementia in dogs.

As with all behavior changes, please see your veterinarian first to rule out a medical problem first, as many diseases can have the same signs.

What are the signs seen with Parvovirus (Parvo) infection?
Parvovirus infection is a serious disease that affects the gasstrointestinal or cardiac systems of dogs. Parvo is a highly contagious and often sudden viral disease; puppies are particularly susceptible. Learn what the common clinical signs are in this FAQ.

Medical Conditions That Can't Wait
While we endeavor to take the very best care of our pets, sometimes it is confusing to know if they are sick or not, if is it an emergency, or if we can wait and watch to see if they will improve. This list is by no means the absolute list to know if you should take your pet to the vet or not (always call your vet if you have any question about your pet's health", but rather it is a list o…

Behavior and Training of Dogs - Problem Solving and Therapy
Why do dogs do what they do? Learn why they bark, dig, fight, and snack in the cat litter box. Find out how to modify this behavior, or seek help from a behavioral consultant.

Cancer (Oncology) in Dogs
Several types of common canine cancers, including treatment options and nutritional informatoin for cancer patients.

Infectious Diseases of Dogs
Infectious diseases of dogs, including parvo, distemper, lyme, leptospirosis, kennel cough, rabies, and more.

Parasitic Diseases and Conditions
Parasitic Diseases and Conditions of Dogs. Learn about ectoparasites such as mites and fleas, and endoparasites such as intestinal worms and heartworms.

Skin & Coat Diseases
Skin parasites, tumors, autoimmune diseases and allergies.

A to Z - Diseases and Conditions
Health information from A-Z.

Canine Acupuncture One Of Many Alternatives At New Denver-Area Veterinary ...
The Canine Rehabilitation & Conditioning Group in Denver, a state-of-the-art facility for dog recreation, training and treatment, is also one of a handful of places in Colorado where pets can get acupuncture treatments. Acupuncture, the insertion of hair-thin needles at specific points in the body to create a physiological response, is now used to treat both medical problems, such as chronic pain, and behavioral problems, such as fearfulness or compulsive disorders, in dogs and other animals.

Heartworm Disease in Dogs
About heartworm disease including information on the life cycle of heartworms, transmission of heartworm and risk factors, and the importance of preventing heartworm disease. Diagnosis and treatment of heartworm disease are also discussed.

Canine Parasites
Parasites come in many sizes, shapes and levels of "severity" for our pets. This collection of parasites are those commonly found on dogs and other species, sometimes affecting humans (called a zoonotic disease).

Parasites: Worms, mites, fleas and ticks that affect dogs and cats
Parasites come in a variety of forms - worms that live in the heart, intestine or other places, mites on the skin or in the ears, fleas, ticks and more. Learn about the parasites that commonly affect dogs, cats and sometimes ... humans, too.

Parvo in Dogs
Canine parvovirus (also called parvo) is a very contagious and potentially fatal viral disease seen in dogs. Most commonly, parvovirus causes gastroenteritis, or inflammation of the stomach and intestines. Canine parvovirus is contagious and can survive for several months (some experts say as long as 2 years) in the environment, and is also resistant to many disinfectants. Vaccination is necessary to protect dogs, especially puppies.

Parvovirus Shed in Vomit?
A viewer asked if parvo can be spread via vomit (as well as feces) after losing a puppy to parvo. Learn about parvovirus survivability, shedding and disinfection tips in this Parvo FAQ.

Parvovirus: Disinfecting the Environment of Parvo
One of the most common questions and concerns about parvovirus is how long it lasts and how to disinfect the environment. This is especially important if a new puppy will be brought into a possibly contaminated area. Read this FAQ to learn about disinfecting against parvovirus.

Leptospirosis in Dogs
About Leptospirosis in dogs, including risk factors, signs, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prevention.

Infectious Canine Hepatitis - Adenovirus
About Infectious Canine Hepatitis in dogs, including risk factors, signs, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prevention.

Lyme Disease in Dogs
Lyme disease is caused by a bacteria called Borrelia burgdorferi and is spread by ticks. Lyme disease is transmitted by the deer tick (blacklegged tick) and a small group of other closely related ticks. The deer tick is small and may bite animals and people without being detected. Learn about the risk factors, signs, diagnosis and prevention of Lyme disease in dogs and people.

Vaccines for Dogs
About vaccination in dogs, including which vaccines are commonly given to dogs as part of their preventative medicine program.

Will Dogs Stop Playing If They Are Too Hot?
Dogs cannot sweat to cool down like people. They can sweat a little through their paw pads, but the main way dogs cool down (rather inefficiently) is by panting. Dogs with short noses are even less efficient at cooling via panting. Given cool shade and water to drink, will dogs "know" when to stop and take a rest while at the beach or dog park? What signs should you watch for so your dog stays cool while having fun? Find out in this FAQ.

Pets, Thunderstorms and Fireworks
As many pet owners know, fireworks and thunder storms can cause a great deal of stress for some animals. Learn how to avoid stress for your pets, and tips to keep them from running when the sparks start flying.

Tips To Prevent Heat Stroke In Your Pet
Hot weather creates additional hazards for your pet. Unlike humans, animals can't change their wardrobe or turn on the air conditioning like humans do to keep comfortable. Follow these common sense tips to prevent a heat-related pet emergency.

Prescription and Special Needs Diets
Has your vet prescribed a special diet for your pet to lose weight, maintain kidney or urinary health, joint health or to help with allergies? Perhaps you researched a special diet for your dog on your own. Please tell us about your dog's special dietary needs and what food(s) best help keep your pet in the best of health.

Dog Treats and Snacks
Just like humans, dog treats and snacks are becoming healthier. Smart consumers know that calorie and sugar filed snacks contribute to obesity and a host of other problems. Thank goodness we now have many snacks and treats to choose from for our dogs. Some snacks are "just because" and some are used as training aids. What snacks does your dog...See submissions

Dog Food User Reviews

Knowing what to feed is the "best" food to feed dogs at each life stage is a very common question. Is there a best food? What if your dog has special dietary needs? We are lucky in that there is a huge variety of pet foods to select from at this time and lots of ways to make pet foods at home.

How did you select your dog's food? Are you happy with the cost and seeing health benefits for your dog? Please share your reviews of your dog's favorite (or not so favorite) foods and treats.

Puppy Foods
In this review, please share with us your favorite puppy food, commercial or home made, for growing puppies.See submissions

Cherry Eye: What is Cherry Eye and How Is This Condition Treated?
Questions about cherry eye are common on this site. Dog owners notice a "cherry red" lump in the corner of their dog's eye(s) and wonder what it is and what to do about it. What causes this condition, and how is it treated? Find out more in this Cherry Eye FAQ.

Why does my pet scoot?
Both dogs and cats have anal sacs that may become impacted or infected if not emptying properly. This causes itching, scooting and pain. Severe cases may abscess and rupture. Learn the signs of anal sac problems and how to keep your pet comfortable and scoot-free.

Purchasing Pet Insurance
Guest Author Laura Bennett FSA CFA has answered questions about buying pet insurance and offered some pet insurance Nuts and Bolts for those considering buying a policy for their pet(s). Now she is back with some questions for you. Laura has prepared several questions about the policy and the company selected to ensure the best coverage for your pet's needs.

Canine Parvovirus (CPV) Transmission - Can my dogs spread parvo to another dog?
A viewer asks this question about Parvo: I recently traveled with my two dogs that are vaccinated. I stayed with a friend who had a ten-month old dog that was not vaccinated. After we were there for two days, her dog got sick and died from Parvo. Could my dogs carry the virus from stopovers at roadside rest areas and given it to her dog? This was a very sad situations and I need to know if it was because of my visit." Learn about parvovirus and transmission in this FAQ.

Glossary Term: Incubation Period
Incubation period is a common term in medicine and may be used to describe any type of pathogenic (disease-causing) organism. Learn more about incubation periods in this glossary entry.

5 Things To Know About Canine Parvo
The parvo virus first appeared clinically in 1978, and there was a widespread epidemic in dogs of all ages because it was a new virus and no dogs had been exposed to it before. A vaccine was created. The incidence of this disease in adult vaccinated dogs is now thankfully extremely rare. But parvo still kills puppies and non-vaccinated dogs....

Why (and what) is my senior dog "leaking"?
Many dog owners have been startled to find a wet spot on the floor or bed after a pet gets up after a nap. The dog is usually feeling fine otherwise and may not seem to notice the leakage. Learn more about this common senior canine finding.

My senior dog is drinking lots of water. Is it just old age?
No matter what age your pet is, a noticeable increase in water intake (drinking) or urination often means there is an underlying medical problem. Also, a change in urinary habits, such as urinating in the house or where the pet sleeps, increased urge to urinate, or very dilute urine needs to be evaluated as soon as possible. One exception for...

Urinary Problems in Cats
Cats are well-known for their "urinary issues" -- spraying, marking, urinary tract infections and urethral obstructions. These events may happen once or multiple times, a singular event or related. It is always most important to rule out a medical problem before assuming that your cat is just being "bad" or upset about something. Urinary...

Glossary Term: Pyelonephritis
Pyelonephritis is a serious disease of the urinary system. Symptoms can range from "obviously sick" to very few signs seen, depending on the length and severity of infection. Being familiar with possible warning signs could help save your pet's life. Learn more in this glossary entry.

Ear Infections, Ear Mites and Aural Hematomas
Common questions about Ear Infections, Ear Mites and Aural Hematomas in dogs and cats.

The Life Cycle of the Flea
Fleas are bothersome to humans as well as pets. They may also carry diseases. To fully tackle a flea problem, it is important to know the flea life cycle and treat not only the pet but also the pet's environment. Learn some interesting facts about fleas and the recommended methods for controlling and eradicating fleas in your home in this article.

Itching, Scratching, and Hair Loss
Itching, scratching, and hair loss are very common problems for many pets, both dogs and cats. Fleas, allergies, parasites and immune problems are often to blame. A thorough veterinary examination is in order to find the problem and the inciting cause. Here are some answers to common itchy skin and hair loss questions.

Chocolate Toxicity - What Makes Chocolate Toxic To Dogs?
Just like their human counterparts, pets, especially dogs, can crave the delicious goodness of chocolate. While recent studies have shown that chocolate may be beneficial for our health, it is important to know that chocolate can be toxic, and sometimes even fatal, for animals.

What is a histiocytoma?
The appearance of a raised, hairless and bright red "angry" looking skin lump on a young dog is characteristic of a histiocytoma. Is it cancerous? Is this something to be worried about? Read this FAQ to find out more about histiocytomas.

Share your tips, stories and opinions
The opinions, comments and tips from viewers greatly enrich this site. See what viewers have to say on a variety of veterinary and pet health topics, and add in your comments as well. Do you have tips on how you saved money with pets? Has your pet eaten anything particularly icky lately? Are you considering a career as a veterinary technician and wonder what the salary is like? Learn and contribute your knowledge to these subjects and more.

Selecting Effective Flea And Tick Control
Farnam Pet Products helps you select the best product to fight fleas, ticks, and other pet parasites -- on your pet and in your home.

Tick Tips - What to do with that tick that you just removed from your pet
Ticks are notorious vectors for a variety of potentially very serious diseases; the most common one being Lyme disease. Learn what to do with that tick once it is safely removed from your pet or from you.

Quick Facts About Porcupines, Quills and Pets
Pocupines and skunks are primarily nocturnal animals that unleash nasty surprises on unsuspecting dogs and their humans. Skunk spray is mostly annoying, although may have health effects at close range. Porcupines, on the other hand, have a much more serious weapon: quills. Porcupine quills are commonly found on the muzzle, face, head and...

Tell us about your dog's experience with porcupine quills
Porcupines and dogs are never a good mix. Quills have one-way barbs and may work themselves inside the body, causing severe problems and even death in some cases. It is always best to call your veterinarian for cases like this; removed quickly under anesthesia reduces the chances of quills working in deeper. Please share your dog's story of meeting up with a porcupine and how things turned out.See submissions

How long are cats in heat for?
Unlike dogs, cats do not cycle only two times a year (on average), they go into heat often if not spayed. Also unlike their canine counterparts, cats are induced ovulators -- they do not ovulate unless they are mated. Find out more in this FAQ on feline estrus.

How is a Bile Acid test performed, and what does it mean?
Forum member TRISHA1920 asks: "My dog had his Bile Acid test today and I won't get the results until early next week. Does anyone know what a Bile Acid test is? It sounds like something to do with Acid in the gullet..." Find out the answers to these questions and more in this FAQ.

Urinary Tract Infections and Urinary Behavior Problems In Dogs and Cats
Urinary tract infections in pets are common. Many of the signs of urinary problems for dogs and cats are similar. While both dogs and cats have the potential to become obstructed ("blocked"), this life-threatening situation is more common in male cats.

Canine Alopecia - Joey the Balding Dog
Guest author Richard Young DVM, DABVP, CCRT shares this interesting case report of Joey, a deaf terrier mix who was losing his hair. It was a very symmetrical pattern of baldness (alopecia) in an otherwise very healthy dog. Dr. Young was puzzled about this case, so he referred him to a veterinary dermatologist. What they found was not only...

Diabetes Mellitus in the Dog
Diabetes mellitus can affect dogs and causes an increase in the blood sugar level that usually needs to be managed with insulin. Learn more about the causes and symptoms of canine diabetes mellitus.

Diagnosing Canine and Feline Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes mellitus is common in both dogs and cats. Learn about the different diagnostic tests that are used to diagnose canine and feline diabetes mellitus.

Beth Overley VMD ACVIM (Oncology) Answers Viewer Questions Part 1
Dr. Overley is a board-certified veterinary oncologist at CARES, a 24-hour Emergency Veterinary Care Hospital in Langhorne, Pennsylvania. In this segment, Dr. Overley answers viewer questions about the incidence of cancer in pets and osteosarcoma.

Beth Overley VMD ACVIM (Oncology) Answers Viewer Questions Part 1
Dr. Overley is a board-certified veterinary oncologist at CARES, a 24-hour Emergency Veterinary Care Hospital in Langhorne, Pennsylvania. In this segment, Dr. Overley answers viewer questions about the incidence of cancer in pets and osteosarcoma.

Hot Spot Prevention Tips
Hot spots, also known as pyotraumatic dermatitis, are areas of skin inflammation due to self-trauma from chewing, licking and biting. This causes damage to the skin, leading to infection (dermatitis), which in turn causes pain, sensitivity and more itching. Some dogs are more prone to hot spots than others. In addition to treating the problem at...

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