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Dog Eye Diseases

Cherry Eye, Eyelash Problems, Entropion in Dogs

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Common eye diseases of dogs, including Cherry Eye, Eyelash Problems, Entropion, Ectropion, Conjunctivitis and more. If your dog is pawing at, rubbing or shows signs of pain or irritation around the eyes, seek veterinary help as soon as possible, as eye conditions can change quickly.

1. Glossary Term: Blepharospasm

Dog Blink - Mara1/Flickr
Mara1/Flickr

Blepharospasm is not a disease in and of itself; it is a clinical sign that something is wrong with the eye or eyelid in most cases.

2. Cherry Eye: Prolapse of the Third Eyelid

Joel Mills/Wikimedia
Joel Mills/Wikimedia

You notice a "cherry red" lump in the corner of your dog's eye(s) and wonder what it is and what to do about it. After a visit to the veterinarian, you learn that it is a common condition called cherry eye.

Here is a collection of resources for learning more about this condition, what treatment options are available, and ways to share and interact with other people who have dogs with cherry eye.

3. Share Your Story: Cherry eye

Cocker Spaniel with Cherry Eye - image credit: ejhildreth on Flickr
Image credit: ejhildreth on Flickr

There are many different ways to treat cherry eye. Since this prolapsed gland also produces tear film to protect the eye, removing it may predispose your dog to "dry eye" later on. What did your vet recommend for your dog's Cherry Eye, and how was the problem resolved?

Share your story here

4. Conjunctivitis: Signs and Potential Causes

Conjunctivitis is inflammation of the very thin clear membrane that lines the eyelids and the whites of the eyes.

Conjunctivitis is commonly called pink-eye.

5. Ectropion: Outward Eyelid Problem

Lower lid ectropion in a four year old Cocker Spaniel - Joel Mills/Wikimedia
Joel Mills/Wikimedia

Ectropion is an outward rolling or sagging of the eyelid.

It is seen most often in dogs, and is rare in cats. In dogs can be seen in any breed, but some breeds are predisposed including Basset Hounds, Bloodhounds, Bull Mastiffs, St. Bernards, Newfoundlands, and several breeds of Spaniels, among others.

6. Entropion: Inward Eyelid Problem

A dog with entropion of the lower eyelid. Scarring of the cornea has occurred in this case.
Joel Mills / Wikimedia Commons

Entropion describes a condition where the eyelid "rolls in" on itself. It can affect one or both eyes, and the lower and/or upper eyelids. This condition is the opposite of Ectropion, where the lids sag and roll outward.

Also see: Eyelash disorders of dogs and cats.

7. Eyelash Disorders: Ectopic Cilia, Distichiasis, Trichiasis

Buffy Baird by Mike Baird on Flickr
by Mike Baird on Flickr
Abnormal eyelash growth is a relatively common problem in dogs, but these problems are only rarely seen in cats. There are several distinct disorders of eyelashes with tricky names, but the problems they cause, and their treatment, are similar.

8. Senior Dogs: What To Expect As Your Dog Gets Older

Old Dog © BobMacInnes on Flickr
© BobMacInnes on Flickr

This question is from a viewer asking what to expect as his dog grows older. What is "normal" for an older dog? Being aware of the normal aging changes for your senior pet will help you identify when there is a medical problem that should be addressed.

9. Stinky Eyes: What Causes A Bad Odor Around Eyes?

Sadie the Shih Tzu - SadieShihTzu/Flickr
SadieShihTzu/Flickr

This question was in response to the stinky pet articles.

A viewer asks: "My Shih Tzu has an bad odor around his eyes. What causes that?"

This is a common problem and one that needs daily attention to help keep odors and skin inflammation under control.

10. What To Do If Your Pet Is Sprayed In The Eyes With Skunk Spray

Why is this skunk raising its tail? (Hint: watch out!) by kreyton on Flickr
by kreyton on Flickr

When sprayed by a skunk, the normal reaction is to blink and close the eyes immediately, but things happen fast. If you notice your dog rubbing their eyes, blinking fast (blepharospasm), experiencing redness or tearing, your dog may have gotten some spray in the eyes.

11. Medical Conditions That Can't Wait

Close up by inajeep on Flickr
by inajeep on Flickr

While we endeavor to take the very best care of our pets, sometimes it is confusing to know if they are sick or not, if is it an emergency, or if we can wait and watch to see if they will improve. Eye problems are included on this list.

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