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Pet Parasite Terminology

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Tick Diagram

Linalool - A natural substance found in oils of Ceylon cinnamon, sassafras, orange flower, bergamot, Artemisia balchanorum, ylang ylang. Linalool has insecticidal activity and is used in shampoos, dips and sprays for flea control.

Lyme Disease - A disease caused by a bacterium (Borellia burgdorferi) and transmitted by the bite of an infected Deer Tick. Early symptoms can include but are not necessarily restricted to a slowly expanding red rash and flu-like symptoms such as fatigue, slight fever and swollen glands. Advanced symptoms include arthritis, irregular heartbeat, severe headaches and loss of sensation.

Mosquito - Species of mosquitoes are the most prominent bloodsucking insects that annoy man and other warm-blooded animals. Not only are their bites (and subsequent itching welts) annoying, but mosquitoes transmit several serious diseases to man and animals, including malaria, dengue fever, filariasis, encephalitis viruses and heartworm.

Organophosphate - OP is a classification of insecticides that kill fleas and ticks by interfering with the normal activity of the insects' nervous system.

Permethrin - Active ingredient used in combination with NYLAR® in Bio Spot® for Dogs. See pyrethroids. Permethrin should never be applied to cats or ferrets.

Pupa - An insect developmental stage (frequently spent in a cocoon) in which the larva metamorphoses (transforms) into the adult insect. For example, in butterflies the larva (caterpillar) spins a cocoon and becomes a pupa, which then changes into the adult insect (butterfly).

Pyrethrin - Active ingredient used in many flea and tick products. Pyrethrins are extracts of a species of Chrysanthemum, which act on the insects' central nervous system and are relatively safe.

Pyrethroid - A large class of insecticides produced to duplicate or improve on the biological activity of natural pyrethrins. These compounds include: permethrin, fenvalerate, phenothrin.

Repellent - An active ingredient in a product that has the ability to repel fleas and ticks, thus preventing them from infesting a dog or cat.

Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever - A disease transmitted by the bite of a Rocky Mountain Wood Tick. Symptoms include, but are not restricted to, fever, loss of appetite, coughing, labored breathing and abdominal pain.

Sodium Lauryl Sulfate (SLS) - A surfactant ("soap") commonly used in many food and household products (toothpaste, shampoo, dish soap). SLS also has insecticidal activity. By removing the naturally occurring hydrocarbons (oils) from insects' exoskeleton ("skin"), it causes them to dehydrate (dry out) and die.

Tick - a blood-sucking creature related to spiders. The type of tick that bothers dogs and cats are "three-host ticks", feeding on different animals during their life cycle. When they bite a pet, ticks engorge themselves with blood. When full, they can live for months without food.

All text & images © Farnam Pet Products

See Also:
Fleas - Click here to learn to everything about fleas. (Separate page of listings devoted to fleas)

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