What's the difference? Which way the eyelid is turned. In ectropion, the lid is saggy and everted away from the eye, leaving it open to dryness and infection. In entropion cases, the eyelid is turned inward, often causing damage to the cornea.
These common eye conditions are two of several eyelash disorders in animals, and need veterinary attention to prevent permanent damage to the eye and surrounding tissue.
- Conjunctivitis in Dogs and Cats - Definition - Potential Causes
- Cherry eye - prolapse of the gland of the third eyelid in the dog
- Glossary Term: Blepharospasm
Photo: A dog with entropion of the lower eyelid. Joel Mills / Wikimedia Commons
Unlike entropion, ectropion is an outward rolling or sagging of the eyelid. It is seen most often in dogs, and is rare in cats.
In dogs, this condition can be seen in any breed, but some breeds are predisposed to this anomaly. Droopy eyelids may make the dog susceptible to collecting dirt and foreign material, resulting in conjunctivitis.
Learn more about: Ectropion - susceptible breeds, clinical signs and treatment options.
Other eye conditions in dogs and cats:
Photo: Lower lid ectropion in a four year old cocker spaniel. Credit: Joel Mills/Wikimedia
Ehrlichia is a type of bacteria commonly transmitted to animals and people by ticks. This transmission occurs worldwide, causing a disease called Ehrlichiosis, or tropical canine pancytopenia (and several other names).
Spring is almost here in the northern hemisphere, and for many areas, that means tick season is, or will soon be, upon us and our pets. Learn about this tick-borne disease as well as how to remove ticks and prevent bites in this article by Lianne McLeod DVM.
- How to Remove a Tick From Your Pet or Yourself
- What To Do With That Tick That You Just Removed From Your Pet (Or You)
Photo: A male "brown dog tick" (Rhipicephalus sanguineus) - credit James Gathany/CDC
The third week of March is Poison Prevention Week, but I tend to think of March as poison prevention month. The days are getting longer and, at times, my thoughts turn to spring cleaning, including cleaning out the medicine cabinet.
All year round, pets are unpredictable. Prevention is the key to a safe environment for pets (and children). Keep your pet safe by being aware of these 10 common pet toxins around your house and yard.
Photo credit: Daisy the Dog © Jay McDaniel on Flickr
They can't tell us if they are sick or where they hurt. Sometimes it is obvious, sometimes it is not. This seemingly simple question was posed to me by someone who dearly loves her cat and doesn't want to miss any subtle signs of illness.
Here are some tips to help distinguish between what's normal, what might indicate a problem, and when to call your vet as soon as possible.
Learn More: How do I know if my cat is sick?
Photo: Bluebell on the phone / JoshSemans - Flickr Creative Commons
BOPHOMSON asks: "My puppy of 4 months has got 2 rows of teeth top and bottom. I think this is very strange but I have been informed that it is quite common. Will he have to undergo surgery later in life?"
Learn about retained deciduous teeth in this FAQ.
- When Do Puppies and Kittens Lose Their Baby Teeth?
- Tips for taking care of your pet's teeth
- My Dog's Teeth Are Loose From Tug O' War
Photo: Retained baby tooth © Janet Tobiassen Crosby DVM
A seizure happens when the cerebral cortex, part of the brain, functions abnormally. There are many different diseases that can cause seizures in dogs and cats.
Whatever the cause, witnessing a seizure can be frightening. Knowing what to expect is helpful to stay calm, keep your pet safe, and get the veterinary care your pet may need.
Learn more: Types of seizures in dogs and cats
Photo: A dog or cat having a seizure may or may not suffer from epilepsy / Photo Courtesy of Randy Pertiet/Flickr.com
When thinking of common itchy parasites, ear mites often come to mind. Today, learn about an itchy skin mite that is also sometimes called "Walking Dandruff."
Cheyletiella are mites that live on the skin, causing irritation, dandruff, and itchiness. These mites can be found quite commonly on cats, dogs and rabbits, and other species. Though humans are not a natural host for this parasite, Cheyletiella mites can happily live on humans for a while, causing an itchy rash.
Learn more about: Cheyletiella mites.
Image: Cheyletiella mite close-up view By Kalumet on Wikimedia Commons
Valentine's Day is today (February 14), and for many of us, that means enjoying chocolate. Most people are aware that chocolate is toxic to pets, but may not know why chocolate is toxic or how much is "too much."
Chocolate isn't the only worry though. Wrappers (plastic and foil), string and ribbon around candy packages, raisins, the artificial sweetener xylitol, macadamia nuts and seasonal bouquets and planters containing flowers such as lilies and daffodils all pose a risk.
Some human foods are OK in small quantities, but if unsure, it is always better to pass on it. I have seen some very convincing (e.g. yummy looking) dog cookies such as the one pictured at right, but always make sure they are safe for pets and do not contain any of the above ingredients.
Check out this list of foods and plants that are toxic to pets:
- String Foreign Bodies (linear foreign bodies)
- Raisins and Grapes
- Yeast Dough
- Artificial Sweetener Xylitol
- Macadamia Nuts
- Lilies and related toxic flowers
Photo: An Airedale Valentine / Lulu Hoeller on Flickr
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, also called HCM, is the most common heart disease diagnosed in cats. This condition is most often seen in middle-aged to older cats, but can affect cats of any age. Learn more about this disease that causes a thickening of the heart muscle and impairs function.
Photo Courtesy of Alan Weir/Flickr.com